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Ch 20,21

The Language of Medicine Chabner 8th ed

obstructing the passage of x-rays radiopaque
permitting the passage of x-rays radiolucent
aids physicians in performing ultrasound procedures sonographer
radioactive element that gives off energy in the form of radiation radionuclide
radioactive drug administered for diagnostic purposes radiopharmaceutical
transformation of stable substances into changed particles ionization
a physician who specializes in diagnostic radiology radiologist
study of uses of radioactive substances in the diagnosis of disease nuclear medicine
in vitro something measured and observed in an external environment i.e. test tube
in vivo something measured and observed within a living environment
radiopharmaceutical radioactive substances injected and studied
bone scan an injection is administered intravenously and visualized in the bone
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
IVP Intravenous Pyelogram
CXR Chest X-Ray
U/S Ultrasound
PA Posteranterior
PET Positron emission tomography
PACS picture archiving and communication systems
DICOM Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine
AP Anteroposterior
KUB Kidneys, Ureter, Bladder
LAT lateral
131I radioactive substance/material
drug that widens blood vessels vasodilator
drug that reduces blood pressure antihypertensive
drug that strengthens the force and efficiency of the heartbeat digoxin
drug that narrows blood vessels vasoconstrictor
drug that prevents chest pain due to ischemia antianginal
drug that reduces lipids in blood cholesterol-lowering drug
drug that promotes excretion of urine, lowering blood pressure diuretic
drug is administered via suppository or fluid into the anus rectal
drug is administered under the tongue sublingual
drug is administered via vapor or gas into the nose or mouth inhalation
drug is applied locally on skin or mucous membrane topical
drug is given by mouth and absorbed through the stomach or intestine oval
drug is injected via syringe under the skin, into a vein, muscle, or cavity parenteral
antipruritic against itching
aerosol particles in the air
subcutaneous under or beneath the skin
cathartic relieves constipation
antiemetic prevents nausea and vomitting
narcotic a potent analgesic
bronchodilator opens the bronchial tubes
Created by: fallsummerspring