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Digestive System!!

abd Abdomen, Abdominal
BE Barium enema
BM bowel movement
BS bowel sounds
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatograghy
GB gallbladder
GERD, GRD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HAV hepatitus A virus
HBV hepatitus B virus
HCI hydrochloric acid
HCV hepatitus C virus
HDV hepatitus D virus
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
IBS iritable bowel syndrome
IVC intravenoues cholangiograpghy
LGI lower gastrointstinal
NG, N-G nasogastric(tube)
N/V nausea and votming
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
SBO small bowel obstruction
SBS small bowel series
TPN total parental nutrition
UGI upper gastrointestinal
Digestive System also known as the gastrointestinal system, its responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food so that it can be taken into the blood stream and used by ody cells and tissues
Alimentary Canal a long, muscular tube that begins at the mouth and includes the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus
Mouth also knwon as the buccal cavity, recieves food as it enters the body
Teath special structures in the mouth that phisically breaks down food by chewing and grinding
Tongue muscular organ that contains special receptors called taste buds
Hard Palate the bony structure that forms the roof of the mouth and seperates the mouth from the nasal cavities
Soft Palate seperates the mouth from the nasophaynx
Salivary Glands partoid, sublingiual, and submandibular, produce a liquid called saliva
Pharynx (throat) a tube that carries both air and food. caries the air into the trachea, and food to the esophagus
Esophagus muscular tube dorsal to the trachea. it recives the bolus from the pharynx and carries the bolus to the stomach
Peristalsis to move food in a forward direction
Stomach enlarged part of the aligmentary canal. Recives food from the esophagus
Samll Intestine coiled section of the aimentary canal. Divided into 3 sections: duodeum, jejunum, and iileum (appt. 20 feet)
Duodenum 1st 9-10in of small intestine, bile and paincreatic jucies enter this section through ducts, or tubes
Jejunum appx. 8ft in legnth and forms the middle section of the small intestine
Ileum final 12ft of small intestine that connects with large intestine at ceum
Villi finger like projections that contain blood capillaries and lacterals
Large Intestine final section of the alimentary canal. Absorbs water and any remaning nutrients, stores indegistive materiels before they are eliminated from the bidy, synthesis and absorbs some B complex and vitamins and vitamin K by bacteria present in the intestine
Vermiform Appendix small projection in Cecum
Colon split in 7 parts and has an ascending, transvers, desecinding, and sigmoid section.
Rectum 8in of large intestine and is the storage area for indigestible and wastes contains an anal canal which opens to the anus
Anus expells fecal material, or stool, and final waste product of the digestive process
Liver largest gland in the body and is an accesory organ to the digestuve system, located under the diaphragm and in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. secerts bile
Gallblader small muscular sac located under the liver and attached by connective tissue. it stores and concentrates bile, which it recives from the liver
Pancreas glandular organ located behind the stomach. it produces pancreatic jucies which contain enzymes to digest food
Created by: SuDoku4lif