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Digestive Syst Terms

Digestive System Key Terms

Alimentary Canal the digestive tract from the esophagus to the rectum.
Anus external opening of the anal canal, or rectum.
Colon the large intestine.
Digestive System also known as the gastrointestinal system, is responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food so that it can be taken into the bloodstream and used by body cells and tissues. Consists of the alimentary canal and accessory organs.
Duodenum first part of the small intestine ; connects the pylorus of the stomach and the jejunum.
Esophagus tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach.
Gallbladder small sac near the liver; concentrates and stores bile.
Hard palate bony structure that forms the roof of the mouth.
Ileum final section of small intestine; connects the jejunum and large intestine.
Jejunum the middle section of the small intestine; connects the duodenum and ileum.
Large Intestine the final section of the alimentary canal. It is approximately five feet in length and two inches in diameter. Its functions include absorption of water and any remaining nutrients.
Liver largest gland in the body; located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen; two of its main functions are excreting bile and storing glycogen.
Mouth oral cavity; opening to the digestive tract, or alimentary canal.
Pancreas gland that is dorsal to the stomach and that secretes insulin and digestive juices.
Peristalsis rhythmic, wavelike motion of involuntary muscles.
Pharynx the throat.
Rectum the temporary storage area for indigestibles.
Salivary Glands glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretion.
Small Intestine that section of the intestine that is between the stomach and the large intestine; site of most absorption of nutrients.
Soft Palate tissue at the back of the roof of the mouth; separates the mouth from the nasopharynx.
Stomach enlarged section of the alimentary canal, between the esophagus and the small intestine; serves as an organ of digestion.
Teeth structures in the mouth that physically break down food by chewing and grinding.
Tongue muscular organ of the mouth; aids in speech, swallowing, and taste.
Vermiform Appendix a small projection located in the cecum of the large intestine.
Villi in the small intestine, projections that aid in the absorption of nutrients.
Created by: jolojo11