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Medical Terminology

-emia blood condition
-itis inflammation
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-genesis origin or production
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-penia abnormal reduction
-rrhea discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction
-cele pouching or hernia
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-iasis formation or presence of
-malacia softening
-oma tumor
-osis condition or increase
-phil, -philia attraction for
-ptosis falling or downward displacement
-rrhage, -rrhagia to burst forth (usually blood)
-rrhexis rupture
-centesis puncture or aspiration
-desis binding
-ectomy excision or removal
-pexy suspension or fixation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
-tripsy crushing
-e noun marker (makes the root a noun)
-ia, -ism condition of
-ium structure or tissue
-ation, -y condition or process of
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-icle small
-ole small
-ula small
-ule small
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-iatrics, iatry treatment
-ist one who specializes in
-logist one who specializes in the study or treatment of
-logy study of
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-poiesis formation
-scope instrument for examination
-scopy examination
-stasis stop or stand
abdomin/o abdomen
lapar/o abdomen
acr/o extremity or topmost
aden/o gland
aer/o air or gas
angi/o vessel
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cyan/o blue
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o skin
vas/o, vascul/o vessel
dextr/o right or on the right side
erythr/o red
fibr/o fiber
gastr/o stomach
gen/o origin or production
gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o sugar
hem/o, hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
melan/o black
morph/o form
nas/o, rhin/o nose
necr/o death
or/o mouth
orth/o straight, normal or correct
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child or foot
phob/o exaggerated fear or sensitivity
phon/o voice or sound
plas/o formation
pod/o foot
psych/o mind
py/o pus
ren/o, nephr/o kidney
scler/o hard
sinistr/o left or on the left side
son/o sound
sten/o narrow
therm/o heat
tox/o, toxic/o poison
troph/o nourishment or development
ur/o, urin/o urine
ante-, pre-, pro- before
brady- slow
tachy- fast
post- after or behind
re- again or back
con-, syn-, sym- together or with
dys- painful, difficult, or faulty
neo- new
a-, an- without
anti-, contra- against or opposed to
de- from, down or not
ab- away from
ad- to, toward, or near
circum-, peri- around
dia-, trans- across or through
e-, ec-, ex- out or away
ecto- exo-, extra- outside
en-, endo-, intra- within
epi- upon
inter- between
meso- middle
meta- beyond, after, or change
para- alongside of or abnormal
retro- backward or behind
sub-, infra- below or under
bi- two or both
hemi-, semi- half
hyper- above or excessive
hypo- below or deficient
macro- large or long
micro- small
mono-, uni- one
oligo few or deficient
pan- all
poly-, multi- many
quadr- four
super-, supra- above or excessive
tri- three
ultra- beyond or excessive
acous/o hearing
crin/o to secrete
-blast germ or bud (immature cell)
blast/o germ or bud (immature cell)
cervic/o neck or cervix
chrom/o, chromat/o color
chyl/o juice
colp/o vagina
cyst/o bladder or sac
cyt/o cell
dips/o thirst
dis- seperate from or apart
encephal/o brain
enter/o small intestine
-emesis vomiting
esthesi/o sensation
eu- good or normal
gloss/o tongue
gynec/o woman
hetero- different
homo- same
hypn/o sleep
hyster/o uterus
immun/o safe
kinesi/o movement
-lepsy seizure
lingu/o tongue
lymph/o clear fluid
mamm/o, mast/o breast
morph/o form
my/o, myos/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
necr/o death
nat/i birth
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, ophthalm/o eye
oophor/o ovary
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o testis
ot/o ear
pachy- thick
patell/o knee cap
pector/o chest
phag/o eat or swallow
phleb/o vein
phren/o diaphragm (also mind)
plas/o formation
-plegia paralysis
pneum/o, pneumon/o air or lung
proct/o anus and rectum
py/o pus
scler/o hard
pulmon/o lung
somn/i, somn/o sleep
sperm/o, spermat/o sperm (seed)
sphygm/o pulse
splen/o spleen
thromb/o clot
tox/o, toxic/o poison
top/o place
thym/o thymus gland
thorac/o, steth/o chest
tympan/o eardrum
varic/o swollen or twisted vein
ven/o vein
xanth/o, lute/o yellow
vesic/o, vesicul/o bladder or sac
xer/o dry
ather/o fatty paste
andr/o male
seb/o oil
ger/o, geronto/o, presby/o old age
glott/o, meat/o opening
chondr/o cartilage
scoli/o twisted
cost/o rib
dipl/o double
electr/o electricity
onc/o tumor
cyes/i, gravid/o pregnancy
dors/o back
dacry/o tear
iso- equal or same
ambi- both or around
coron/o circle or crown
-desis binding
-edema swelling
-phobia fear
-pathy disease
Created by: 100000472911814