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HLOC 1000 Test 5

DSC Lymphatic & Musculoskeletal system. G.A-K.

the fluid that surrounds body cells Interstitial fluid
clear watery fluid that flows in lymph vessels, collected from tissues throughout the body. Lymph
lymphocytes and monocytes Leukocytes found in lymph system.
Specialized thin walled vessels through which interstitial fluid flows lymph capillaries
clusters of larger lymphatic vessels lymph nodes
Functions of the lympatic system Drainage, absorbtion of lipids and transport to blood, protection from foreign bodies
The path of the lymphatic system blood capillaries-interstitial fluid-lymph capillaries- lymph vessels- lymph nodes- lymph vessels- thoracic cavity- thoracic (or lymphatic) duct- large veins.
begin at the spaces around cells throughout the body. THin walled tubes Lymph capillaries
thicker walled tubes , like lymph capillaries, contain valves to allow 1 way flow. Lymph vessels
Collections of stationary lymph tissue. produce lymphocytes, filter lymph, trap inflamatory substances or cancerous lesions. Lymph nodes
special cells located in the spleen, liver, lungs, and lymph nodes. Phagocyose foreign substances). macrophages
specialized lymphocytes present in the nodes, produce antibodies. Formed in the bone marrow, transform into plasma cells to make antibodies. B lymphocytes (B cells)
specialized lymphocytes, attack bacteria and foreign cells, by recognizing foreign cell surface proteins, attaching to the cells, poking holes in them, and injecting them with toxic substances T lymphocytes (T Cells)
Lymph nodes in the neck Cervical
Lymph nodes in the armpit axillary
Lymph nodes located between the lungs mediastinal
Lymph nodes located near the crease of the crotch inguinal
masses of lymph tissue in the back of the throat near the oropharynx tonsils
enlarged lymph tissue located in the part of the throat near the nasal passage adenoids
Lymph tissue located in the LUQ, near the stomach, destroys old erythrocytes, filters foreign substances from the blood, activates lymphocytes, stores erythrocytes and platelets. Spleen
lymphatic tissues located in the upper mediastinum. plays a vital role in bodies ability to fight disease and produce immunity Thymus Gland
the acceptance of the body's own antigens tolerance
a condition where immune system fights against the body's own cell's autoimmune disease
foreign substances or organisms antigen
the body's ability to resist foreign organisms and toxins immune system
genetic predisposition to illnesses, present in the body at birth Natural immunity
primitive lymphocytes that destroy tumor cells and virally infected cells Natural killer Cells
immunity received by exposure to a disease, either naturally or via vaccine, which causes production of antibodies against said disease aquired active immunity
a substance containing modified pathogens or toxins, used to stimulate immunity to a disease or substance vaccine
injection of an immune serum containing antibodies produced in another animal or person, provides this aquired passive immunity
an antibody producing cell plasma cell
IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM are examples of these. Secreted by plasma cells in humoral immunity immunoglobulins
protein produced by B cell lymphocytes to destroy antigens Antibody
immune response involving T lymphocytes; antigens are destroyed by direct action of cells, not by antibodies Cell-mediated immunity
T lymphocyte that directly kills foreign cells cytotoxic T cells
cell (specialized macrophage) that ingests antigents and presents them to T cells Dendritic cells
Lymphocyte that aids B cells in recognizing antigens and stimulating production also known as T4 Cell, or CD4+ cell Helper T Cell
immune response in which B cells transform into plasma cells and secrete antibodies humoral immunity
Antiviral proteins (cytokines) secreted by T cells; they also stimulate macrophages to ingest bacteria. interferons
fluid in the spaces between cells. This fluid becomes lymph when it enters lymph capillaries insterstitial fluid
lymph capillaries tiniest lymphatic vessels
lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus gland lymphoid organs
stationary solid lymphatic tissue along lymph vessels lymph nodes
carrier of lymph throughout the body; empty lymph into veins in the upper part of the chest lymph vessel
organ near the stomach, produces, stores, eliminates blood cells spleen
lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T lymphocytes suppressor T cell
Lymphocyte that originates in the bone marrow, but matures in the thymus gland; it acts directly on antigens to destroy them or produce cytokines such as interferons and interleukins that are toxic to antigens. T cell
organ in the mediastinum that produces T lymphcytes and aids in immune response thymus gland
large lymphatic vessel in the chest that receives lymph from below the diaphragm, and from the left side of the body above the diaphragm; it empties the lymph into veins in the upper chest thoracic duct
protection immuno
lymph lympho
lymph node lymphadeno
spleen spleno
thymus gland thymo
poison toxo
again, anew ana
between inter
syndrome associated w/ immune system suppression, and marked by opportunistic infections, secondary neoplasms, and neurologic problems AIDS
Yeast-like fungus, normally present in the mouth, skin, intestinal tract, and vagina, overgrows, causing infection of the mouth (thrush), respiratory tract, and skin Candidiasis
Yeast-like fungus causes lung, brain, and blood infections. Pathogen found in pigeon droppings, nesting places, air, water, soil Cryptococcal infection
Virus that causes enteritis and retinitis. Found in bodily fluids, such as saliva, semen, cervical secretions, urine, feces, bood, breast milk. Usually only causes disease when immune system is compromised. Cytomegalovirus infection
Viral infection causes small blisters on the skin of the lips or nose or on the genitals. Can also cause encephalitis Herpes Simplex (I & II)
Herpes Simplex above the waist Herpes Simplex I
Herpes Simplex below the waist Herpes Simplex II
Created by: thegr8ace