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egypt studystack- mr

egypt studystack

rock filled rapid cataract
the place at the mouth of a river where it splits into several streams to form an area shaped delta
Greek author who traveled throughout the known world; wrote about the wars between Greece and Persia in the History, the first major historical work of ancient times Herodotus
any of a number of huge stone statues built by the ancient Egyptians, having the body of a lion and the head of a man sphinx
a jar used to contain the organs of a mummy,top is carved to be a head of a god canopic jars
An ancient city of Egypt south of Cairo. Reputedly founded by Menes, the first king of united Egypt, it retained its primacy until the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great. Its remains include an extensive necropolis. Memphis
a cross shaped like a T with a loop on the top, symbolizing eternal life: often appearing in Egyptian personal names, such as Tutankhamen Ankh
The lunar eye of Re which was stolen by Seth, and associated with Thoth who healed it upon its return, was also sometimes used as an amulet. Wedjat Eye
King of Egypt (1411?-1375 b.c.) who sponsored the building of many monuments. Amehotep
succeeded Horemheb Horemheb (hō`rĕmhĕb') or Harmhabthe true founder of the XIX dynasty. He died after only one year as king.His son was Seti I Ramses
To treat (a corpse) with preservatives in order to prevent decay Embalming
Earthenware decorated with colorful opaque glazes. Faience
a. A side view of an object or structure, especially of the human head.b. A representation of an object or structure seen from the side.Degree of exposure to public notice profile
(Placename) (in ancient Egypt) a city on the Nile: at various times capital of Upper Egypt or of the entire country Thebes
A dense translucent, white or tinted fine-grained gypsum. alabaster
Having the nature of or being a deity. divine
To make into a mummy by embalming and drying. mummification
the title of kings of ancient egypt pharaoh
An upright stone or slab with an inscribed or sculptured surface, used as a monument or as a commemorative tablet in the face of a building. stela
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule regent
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky astronomer
Lord Carnarvon, prior to his death, was more than a silent financial partner in the discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamun. Were it not for him, Howard Carter would not only have lacked the financing and the concession to dig in the Valley of the Kings Lord Carnarvon
a worker who is especially skilled in making something<such as baskets ,leather goods,tools,jewelry,pottery,or clothes artisan
an early form of paper made from reed-like plant found in the marshy areas of the Nile delta papyrus
a kind of picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas or things and others stand for sounds hieroglyphs
a writing system that uses symbols or pictures to denote objects, concepts, or sounds, originally and especially in the writing system of ancient Egypt hieroglyphics
A village of southern Egypt on the Nile River. It is the site of massive rock temples dating from c. 1250 b.c. that were moved to higher ground (1964-1966) to avoid flooding from the Aswan High Dam. Abu Simbel
Englishman and Egyptologist who in 1922 discovered and excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen (1873-1939) Howard Carter
Lower and Upper nubia were so named because the nile flows north so it is actually geographically south of lower nubia Upper Nubia
a dead body preserved in a life-like condition Mummy
Lower Egypt is the northern-most section of Egypt. It refers to the fertile Nile Delta region, which stretches from the area between El-Aiyat and Zawyet Dahshur, south of modern-day Cairo, and the Mediterranean Sea. Lower Egypt
Lower Nubia is the northern portion of Nubia, downstream on the Nile from Upper Nubia. It lies between the First and Second Cataracts Lower Nubia
Khufu was a Pharaoh of the Old Kingdom. He reigned from around 2589 to 2566 B.C. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty. He is generally accepted as being the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Khufu
The Aswan Dam is the general name for two dams, both of which are situated across the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt. Aswan Dam
founder of the first egyptian dynasty;unified Upper and Lower Egypt;founded the capital of memphis Menes
an ancient stone tablet covered with egyptian and greek hieroglyphs;provided a key to deciphering hieroglyphics Rosetta Stone
a huge building with four sloping outside walls shaped like triangles;in egypt, pyramids were built as royal tombs Pyramid
The Karnak Temple Complex—usually called Karnak—comprises a vast conglomeration of ruined temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings Karnak
step mother of thutmose III; ruled Egypt as regent and then as pharaoh Hatshepsut
Luxor is a city in southern Egypt,As the site of the Ancient Egyptan city of Thebes, Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open air museum", as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Luxor
king of ancient egypt,introduced monotheism;under ankhenaten egypt lost much of its provincial cities Akhenaten
king of ancient egypt :the excavation of his tomb in 1922 provided new knowledge about egyptian art and history Tutankhamen
Upper Egypt is the strip of land, on both sides of the Nile valley, that extends from the cataract boundaries of modern-day Aswan north to the area between El-Ayait and Zawyet Dahshur (which is south of modern-day Cairo). Upper Egypt
Napata was a city-state on the west bank of the Nile River, some 400 km north of Khartoum, the present capital of Sudan. It was built around 1345 BC by the Nubians Napata
Kerma was the capital city of the Kingdom of Kerma, in present day Egypt and Sudan, an archaeological site as old as 5,000 years. It became a real Nubian state during the 3rd millennium BC. Kerma was about 435 miles away from Aswan. Kerma
was the capital of the Kingdom of Kush for several centuries. Meroe
An amulet,a close cousin of the talisman consists of any object intended to bring good luck and/or protection to its owner. Potential amulets include: gems, especially engraved gems, statues, coins, drawings, pendants, rings, plants, animals, etc Amulet
a series of rulers from the same family dynasty
Nubia is the region in the south of Egypt, along the Nile and in northern Sudan. Most of Nubia is situated in Sudan with about a quarter of its territory in Egypt. In ancient times it was an independent kingdom. Nubia
Any normal or abnormal colouring matter in plants, animals, or micro-organisms pigments
A village of northern Egypt near Cairo. It is the site of the oldest Egyptian pyramids, including the Step Pyramid built for Zoser during the III Dynasty Saqarra
rich,fertile soil deposited by the the flooding of a river silt
A repeated figure or design in architecture or decoration motif
A cloth used to wrap a body for burial; a winding sheet. shroud
Egyptian queen (51-49 and 48-30) noted for her beauty and charisma. Octavian defeated the forces led by Cleopatra and Mark Antony Cleopatra
Continuous writing which connects letters with one another. The design of the letters and how they connect is based on a system taught in schools. cursive
Senet (or senat), a board game from predynastic and ancient Egypt, is the oldest board game whose ancient existence has been confirmed senet
Khutu was the name given to a material used by medieval Islamic cutlers for knife handles Khutu
an ancient Egyptian city on the west bank of the Nile opposite Cairo; site of three Great Pyramids and the Sphinx Giza
structure or figure, often in the shape of an oval shield or oblong scroll, used as an architectural or graphic ornament or to bear a design or inscription. Cartouche
A stone coffin, often inscribed or decorated with sculpture. sarcophagus
stepson of hapshep sut;considered the greatest pharaoh of the new kingdom of egypt;reigned from 1479 to 1426 B.C.;expanded the empire to include syria and nubia Thutmose III
The systematic study of past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence, such as graves, buildings, tools, and pottery. archaeology
The act or process of excavating< tje act of digging Excavation
A relief is a sculptured artwork where a modelled form is raised, or, in a sunken-relief relief sculpture
A city of northern Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea at the western tip of the Nile Delta founded by alexander the great in 332bc Alexandria
the next life,in which the dead are believed eo live again afterlife
in ancient Egypt, the soul of a dead person, said to be able to reside in a statue of that person after death Ka
name for members of a large family of heavy-bodied, oval beetlesthe dung beetle was sacred to the egyptians scarab beetle
A god or goddess. deity
a figurine placed in an ancient Egyptian tomb to serve as a slave for the soul or as a substitute for the soul in performing forced labor. Shawabti
king of ancient Egypt,the 4 dynasty,and builder of the second pyramid at Giza. His face is perhaps that represented on the Great Sphinx , frequently symbolizing the pharaoh as an incarnation of the sun god Ra . Khafre
Created by: whiteflame5