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Insulin chapter 19

insulin

note 1note 2
what is insulin used in the treatment of --? diabetes mellitus
insulin is a hormone --that is secreted by the islets of Landerhans in the pancreas
insulin is a nescessary hormone --- for glucose use by the body
persons who do not produce --- adequate insulin experience increase in blood sugars
another word for blood suagar is --- glucose
accuracy in insulin admin is extremely important because ------- wrong doses can lead to serious life threatening effects
insulin doses are measured --- in units
( U ) = units
insulin doses are given in syringes --- that correspond to insulin U-100
U-100 insulin = = 100 U (units ) same as mL
Insulin is also avail in U-500 = = (500 U/mL )
U - 500 =more concentrated strength
U-500, used for diabetics who have = extremely High levels of blood sugars that fluctuate
10 mL vials means U-100, most common type of insulin
choice and dose is dependant on --- choice and dose is dependant on patient needs
INsulin is derived --from --from animal & from human sources
recombinant DNA === Human insulin recombinant DNA === Human insulin
the most common insulin on the market is --- ---recombinant DNA insulin.
fewer reactions from "recombinant DNA, than animal sources --- than animal sources
Humalog insulin (Lispro ) Fast Acting in 15 mins" Humalog insulin (Lispro ) Fast Acting in 15 mins"
Human insulin indicated on label as ---recombinant DNA Human insulin indicated on label as ---recombinant DNA
YOU MUST KNOW ---- ORIGIN OF INSULIN ( animal or human),TYPE OF INSULIN
Type of Insulin indicated by Letters --- R & N
when admin insulin , you must be awrare of --- onset , peak , and duration of actions
3 basic types of insulin --- rapid acting, Intermediate, long acting
Long Acting insulin --- ---Ultra Lente ( long acting )
Intermediate Acting insulin --- ---Lente, NPH insulin ( intermediate acting )
Rapid Acting insulin --- Regular, semilente, Lispro ( Rapid Acting )
Eli ( Lilly ) = common manufacture, under trade name of ( Humulin)
REGULAR (<> ) (<>) DIAMOND symbol
NPH ( Square symbol ) ( Square symbol )
U-100 means 100 U/mL U-100 means 100 U/mL
to ensure accuracy, insulin should only be given only with an insulin syringe to ensure accuracy, insulin should only be given only with an insulin syringe
U-100 insulin is designed to be given with syringes maked U-100 U-100 insulin is designed to be given with syringes maked U-100
INsulin doses must be exact. read calibration on the insulin syringe carefully INsulin doses must be exact. read calibration on the insulin syringe carefully
Lo-Dose syringes are desirable for small doses up to 50 U (units ) Lo-Dose syringes are desirable for small doses up to 50 U (units )
The Lo-Dose 30 U may be used for doses up to 30 U The Lo-Dose 30 U may be used for doses up to 30 U
Lo-Dose syringes 30 U and 50 U, can hold a smaller volume, they are intended for U-100 insulin only Lo-Dose syringes 30 U and 50 U, can hold a smaller volume, they are intended for U-100 insulin only
U-100 ( 1 mL capacity ) syringe is desirable when the dosage exceeds 50 U U-100 ( 1 mL capacity ) syringe is desirable when the dosage exceeds 50 U
When mixing insulin, REgular insulin is always drawn up first. When mixing insulin, REgular insulin is always drawn up first.
Total Volume when mixing insulin is the sum of the 2 insulin amounts Total Volume when mixing insulin is the sum of the 2 insulin amounts
REad insulin labels to ensure that you have the correct type of insulinand avoid medication errors. Always mix the same type of insulin (e.g. Humulin and Humulin ) REad insulin labels to ensure that you have the correct type of insulinand avoid medication errors. Always mix the same type of insulin (e.g. Humulin and Humulin )
Use the smallest-capacity syringe possible to ensure accuracy Use the smallest-capacity syringe possible to ensure accuracy
Created by: TONYMILLER