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MMTC MedTerm 14

Miller Motter Technical College Medical Terminology Ch14

balan/o glans penis
epididym/o epididymis
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o testis or testicle
perine/o perineum
prostat/o prostate
sperm/o, spermat/o sperm (seed)
vas/o vessel
scrotum skin-covered pouch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis
testis one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
spermatozoon, male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
sperm male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
epididymis coiled duct on the top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
penis erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and the ducts for secretion of seminal fluid (semen)
glans penis bulging structure at the distal end of the penis (glans
prepuce foreskin; loose casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision
vas deferens duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
seminal vesicle one of two sac-like structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
semen a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm
ejaculatory duct duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
prostate gland trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder and secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
bulbourethral glands,Cowper glands pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra, that adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
perineum external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
aspermia inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
azoospermia semen without living spermatozoa; a sign of infertility in a male
oligospermia scanty production and expulsion of sperm
mucopurulent discharge drainage of mucus and pus
vanorchism absence of one or both testes
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
cryptorchism undescended testicle, or failure of a testis to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; the testis most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair (crypt
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
hydrocele hernia of fluid in the testis or in the tubes leading from the testis
hypospadias congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
phimosis a narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection; commonly requires circumcision
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) enlargement of the prostate gland, common in older men, causing urinary obstruction
prostate cancer malignancy of the prostate gland
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
testicular cancer malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm; classified in two groups according to growth potential
seminoma most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells; highly treatable with early detection
chlamydia most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
gonorrhea contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus Neisseria gonorrhea; the condition was named for the urethral discharge characteristic of the infection, which was first thought to be a leakage of semen
syphillis sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete and which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the skin, with the appearance of small, painless, red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
condyloma acuminatum pl.condylomata acuminata)lesion that appears as a result of human papilloma virus; on the skin, lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts, and on mucous membranes, they have a flat appearance; also known as venereal or genital warts
hepatitis B virus (HBV) virus that causes inflammation of the liver; transmitted through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid (e.g., semen or vaginal secretions)
human papilloma virus (HPV) virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test blood test used to screen for prostate cancer; an elevated level of the antigen indicates the possible presence of tumor
urethrogram x-ray of the urethra and prostate
digital rectal exam (DRE) insertion of a finger into the male rectum to palpate the rectum and prostate
circumcision removal of the foreskin (prepuce), exposing the glans penis
orchiectomy removal of a testicle
orchioplasty repair of a testicle
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, a specialized urologic endoscope; common treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)
vasectomy removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
vasovasostomy restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after a vasectomy
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia; benign prostatic hypertrophy
HBV Hepatitis B virus
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HPV Human Papilloma Virus
PSA prostate-specific antigen
STD Sexually transmitted disease
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
Created by: evinsmc