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ch 5 - Buddhism

Key terms from chapter five of Fisher's "Living Religions".

anatman The principle that there is no eternal self.
anitya Impermanence.
arhant A "worthy one" who has followed the Buddha's path to liberation.
bhikshu(ni) A monk or nun who renounces worldliness for the sake of following the path of liberation and whose simple physical needs are met by lay supporters.
bodhisattva A person who is dedicated to liberating others from suffering.
deity yoga Vajrayana meditation on a deity in order to develop his or her qualities.
Dharma The teachings and laws for conduct given by the Buddha.
dukkha Discomfort, suffering, frustration, disharmony.
karma Our actions and their effect on this life and lives to come.
kensho A sudden experience of enlightened awareness.
koan A question used by Zen teachers to boggle the student's mind and thus liberate direct awareness.
lama A high Vajrayana teacher.
Mahayana The "Great Vehicle," the Buddhist school that stresses compassion.
nirvana The ultimate egoless state of bliss.
Pali Canon Ancient Buddhist scriptures written in Pali and considered authoritative.
samsara The continual round of birth, death and rebirth.
Sangha The spiritual community. In Theraveda, the monastic community.
stupa Monument containing Buddhist relics or images.
sunyata The doctrine of voidness, emptiness.
Theraveda The remaining orthodox school of Buddhism, which adheres to the earliest scriptures.
Triple Gem The Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha.
Vajrayana The Buddhist path of the Tibetan diaspora.
vipassana Insight meditation.
zazen Sitting meditation, in Zen schools.
Zen A Chinese and Japanese school emphasizing that all things have buddha-nature, which can only be grasped when one escapes from the intellectual mind.
Created by: edevarney


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