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CHAPTER 1

Terminology

QuestionAnswer
aden/o GLAND
arthr/o JOINT
bi/o LIFE
carcin/o CANCEROUS
cardi/o HEART
cephal/o HEAD
cerebr/o BRAIN (largest part)
cyst/o URINARY BLADDER
cyt/o CELL
dermat/o SKIN
eletr/o ELECTRICITY
encephal/o BRAIN
enter/o SMALL INTESTINES
erythr/o RED
gastr/o STOMACH
gnos/o KNOWLEDGE
gynec/o WOMAN/FEMALE
hemat/o BLOOD
hepat/o LIVER
lapar/o ABDOMEN
leuk/o WHITE
nephr/o KIDNEY
neur/o NERVE
onc/o TUMOR
ophthalm/o EYE
oste/o BONE
path/o DISEASE
psych/o MIND
rhin/o NOSE
sarc/o FLESH
thromb/o clot
sclerosis HARDENING
suffix END OF TERM
gram A RECORD
root GIVES THE ESSENTIAL MEANING OF THE TERM
logy STUDY OF
combining vowel CONNECTS ROOTS TO SUFFIXES AND ROOTS TO OTHER ROOTS
gastr/o/scope INSTRUMENT TO VISUALLY EXAMINE THE STOMACH
gastr/ic PERTAINING TO THE STOMACH
cardi/ac PERTAINING TO THE HEART
enter/itis INFLAMMATION OF THE SMALL INTESTINES
gastr/o/enter/itis INFLAMMATION OF THE STOAMACH AND SMALL INTESTINES
prefix A SMALL PART ADDED TO THE BEGINNING OF A TERM
sub/gastr/ic PERTAINING TO "BELOW" THE STOMACH
trans/gastr/ic PERTAINING TO "ACROSS" THE STOMACH
retro/gastr/ic PERTAINING TO "BEHIND" THE STOMACH
combining form COMBINATION OF THE ROOT AND THE COMBINING VOWEL
read THE MEANING OF MEDICAL WORDS FROM THE SUFFIX TO THE BEGINNING OF THE WORD AND THEN ACROSS
adenoma BENIGN TUMOR OF GLANDS
adenitis INFLAMMATION OF GLANDS
artheritis INFLAMMATION OF THE JOINTS
biology STUDY OF LIFE
biopsy REMOVAL OF LIVING TISSUE
carcinoma CANCEROUS TUMOR
cardiology STUDY OF THE HEART
cephalic PERTAINING TO THE HEAD
cerebral PERTAINING TO THE BRAIN
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) KNOWN AS A STROKE
vascular PERTAINING TO BLOOD VESSELS
cystoscope INSTRUMENT TO VISUALLY EXAMINE URINARY BLADDER AND URINARY TRACT OF A MALE
electroencephalogram A RECORD TO DETERMINE WHETHER A PATIENT HS A SEIZURE DISORDER, SUCH AS EPILEPSY
dermatitis INFLAMMATION OF THE SKIN
enteritis INFLAMMATION OF THE SMALL INTESTINE
erythrocyte RED CELLS
dia COMPLETE
sis MEANS "STATE OF"
diagnosis THE COMPLETE KNOWLEDGE GAINED AFTER TESTING & EXAMINING THE PATIENT
prognosis A PREDICTION THAT IS MADE AFTER THE DIAGNOSIS. FORECASTS THE OUTCOME OF THE PATIENT
pro BEFORE
gynecologist specializes in diseases of the female reproductive organs
Created by: Jeannie-Snyder