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MedTerm Ch 10

LOM Pathological Conditions and Clinical Procedures

Hemiparesis affects wither right or left side (half) of the body.
Motor aphasia patient knows what he/she wants to say, but cannot do so or does so slowly.
Sensory aphasia patient articulates words easily, but uses them inappropriately.
Hemiplegia affects right or left half of the body and results from stroke or other brain injury.
Apraxia movements and behavior are not purposeful. Patient cannot use an object or perform a task.
Neurasthenia nervous exhaustion and fatigue often following depression.
Syncope fainting
Ataxia persistent unsteadiness on the feet caused by a disorder involving the cerebellum.
Hydrocephalus abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain.
Spina bifida congenital defect in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect union of vertebral parts (neural tube defect).
Alzheimer disease (AD) brain disorder marked by gradual deterioration of mental capacity (dementia) beginning in middle age.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) degenerative disease of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem.
Huntington disease hereditary nervous disorder caused by degenerative changes in the cerebrum and involving bizarre, abrupt, involuntary, dance-like movements.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) destruction of the myelin sheath on the neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of hard tissue.
Myasthenia gravis neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles.
Cerebral palsy partial paralysis and lack of muscular coordination.
Bell palsy paralysis on one side of the face.
Parkinson disease degenerative of nerves in the basal ganglia, occurring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement.
Palliative relieving symptoms, but not curative.
Tourette syndrome involuntary, twitching movements; uncontrollable vocal sounds and inappropriate words.
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) stroke; disruption of the normal blood supply to the brain.
Thrombotic stroke blood clot in the arteries leading to the brain, resulting in occlusion of the vessel.
Embolic stroke a dislodged blood clot travels to cerebral arteries and occludes a small vessel; occurs very suddenly.
Hemorrhagic stroke a blood vessel breaks and bleeding occurs causing CVA.
Aneurysm weakness in the vessel wall that balloons and eventually bursts.
Cerebral angiography x-ray images of the blood vessel system in the brain after injection of a contrast material.
Computed tomography x-rays compose a computerized cross-sectional image of the brain and spinal cord.
Myelography x-ray images of the spinal cord after injection of contrast medium into the subarachnoid space.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging magnetic and radio waves create image of the brain in all three planes.
Positron Emission Topography Images produced after injection of radioactive glucose or oxygen.
Electroencephalography Recording of the electrical activity of the brain.
Created by: suprant