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Infection Control

Infection Control and Bioterrorism Review-Elliott

Normal Flora Non-pathogenic organisms that are part of the body and beneficial to us.
Pathogen Microorganisms that cause infection and disease-germs.
Aerobic Require oxygen to live.
Anaerobic Do not require oxygen to live.
Nosocomial Means the infection occured inside a hospital or health care facility.
Asepsis Absence of disease producing organsims.
Sterile Free of all organsisms including spores and viruses-no germs.
Contaminated Means organisms and pathogens are present.
Disinfection Process that destroys or kills pathogenic organisms but is not always effective against spores and viruses.
PPE Personal Protective equipment such as gowns,gloves,masks.
Standard Precautions Rules developed by the CDC to treat all body fluids as a potential source of infection.
Prion A protein particle that is the agent of infection in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases
Microorganism Small living organism not visible to the naked eye.
Bacteria Simple, one-celled organisms that multiply rapidly and are classified by shape and arrangement.
Protozoa One-celled animal-like organsims often found in decayed materials,animal or bird feces,insect bites,and contaminated water.
Fungi Simple plant-like organsims that live on dead organic matter.
Rickettsiae Parasitic microorgansims which means they cannot live outside the cells of another living organsim.
Viruses Smallest microorgansims visible only using an electron microscope.
Cocci Round or spherical shaped bacteria
Diplococci Cocci that occur in pairs
Streptococci Cocci that occur in chains
Staphylococci cocci that occur in clusters or groups
Bacilli Rod shaped bacteria
Spirilla Bacteria that are spiral or corkscrew shaped
HIV(stands for) Human Immunodeficiency Virus(abbreviation)
AIDS(stands for) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(abbreviation)
Created by: wgelliott