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LOM 13&14

Melissa's LOM 13&14

ABO three main blood types
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML acute myelogenous leukemia
ASCT autologus stem cell transplant
baso basophils
BMT bone marrow transplant
CBC complete blood count
CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML chronic myelogenous leukemia
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
diff. differential count (white blood cells)
EBV Epstein-Barr virus, the cause of mononucleosis
eos. eosinophils
EPO erythropoietin
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
GM-CSF granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor
g/dL gram per deciliter (deciliter= one tenth of a liter)
GVHD graft versus host disease
Hct hematocrit
H, Hg, HGB hemoglobin
H and H hemoglobin and hematocrit
HLA human leukocyte antigen
IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM immunoglobulins
lymphs lymphocytes
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin, average amount of hemoglobin per cell
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration; average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red cell. When MCHC is low, the cell is hypochromic.
MCV mean corpuscular volume, average volume or size of a single red blood cell. When MCV is high, the cells are macrocytic, and when low, the cells are microcytic.
mm3 cubic millimeter (one millionth of a liter)
mono monocyte
poly, PMN, PMNL polymorphonuclear leukocyte, neutrophil
PT prothrombin time
PTT partial thromboplastin time
RBC red blood cell (red blood cell count)
sed rate erythrocyte sedimentation rate
segs segmented, mature white blood cells
SMAC Sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer, an automated chemistry system that determines substances in serum
uL microliter (one millionth of a liter; a liter equals 1.057 quarts)
WBC white blood cell (white blood cell count)
bas/o base (alkaline, the opposite of acid)
chrom/o color
coagul/o clotting
cyt/o cell
eosin/o red
granul/o granules
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hemoglobin/o hemoglobin
is/o same, equal
kary/o nucleus
leuk/o white
mon/o one, single
morph/o shape, form
myel/o bone marrow
neutr/o neutral (neither base nor acid)
nucle/o nucleus
phag/o eat, swallow
poikil/o irregular, varied
sider/o iron
spher/o globe, round
thromb/o clot
-apheresis removal, carry away
-blast immature, embryonic
-cytosis abnormal condition of cells (increase in cells)
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-globulin protein
-lytic pertaining to destruction
-oid derived from
-osis abnormal condition
-penia deficiency
-phage eat, swallow
-philia attraction for (an increase in cell numbers)
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-poiesis formation
-stasis stop, control
immun/o protection
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph nodes (gland)
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
tox/o poison
ana- again, anew
inter- between
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
CD4+ protein on T-cell helper lymphocyte that is infected with HIV in AIDS
CMV cytomegalovirus (cause opportunistic AIDS-related infection)
Crypto cryptococcus (causes opportunistic AIDS-related infection)
G-CSF Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor; a cytokine that promotes neutrophil production
GM-CSF Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor; cytokine secreted by macrophages that promotes the growth of myeloid progenitor cells and differentials to granulocytes
HAART Highly active antiretroviral therapy; combinations of drugs that are effective against AIDS
HD Hodgkin Disease
Histo histoplasmosis (fungal infection seen in AIDS patients)
HIV human immunodeficiency virus (causes AIDS)
HSV herpes simplex virus
IL1-15 interleukins
KS Kaposi sarcoma
MAI mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare (causes bacterial disease seen in AIDS patients)
MOAB monoclonal antibody
NHL non-Hodgkin lymphoma
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (opportunistic AIDS-related infection)
RTIs reverse transcriptase inhibitors
T4 T-cell lymphocyte that is destroyed by the AIDS virus; helper T cells
T8 T-cell lymphocyte (cytotoxic or killer cell)
Toxo toxoplasmosis (parasitic infection associated with AIDS)
Created by: wheelbarrow_1