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clinical 2

phelebotomy

QuestionAnswer
Additive added to help with certain results
Aliquot speciem that has been taking for storage.
anticoagulant allows blood not to clot.
Buffy coat contains a mixture of leukocytes and thromboyctes which are lighter and less numerous than the red blood cells
cannula fills the inside of a needle vertually blunting the tip.
centrifuge speeds the removal of serum from a tube of blood.
constrict less blood flow
Hematology study of blood and it's components
Phlebotomy process of collecting blood
Venipuncture now used to help determine the disease process taking place to determine the method of treatment
Oxygenated arterial blood, which contains a high level of oxygen leaves heart and carries the oxygen to the tissue by releasing the oxygen through the cell walls of the capilliaries
dilate let off heat opens
serum portion that is extracted
vacuum tube routing collection fast does not work on small veins fragile veins diffcult draws small children hand or feet draw
Butterfly assembly small fragile veins
syringe children infant not good for dehyrdrated patients
red top no additive effects blood clots and the serum is separated by centrifugation uses chemistries immunolgy and serology blood bank
light green top plasma separating tube Na heperin anticoagulants with lithium heperin plasma separated with PST gel at the bottom of the tube used for chemistries
red gray serum separating tube SST with clot activator forms clot quickly and separates the serum with SST gel at the bottom of the tube uses blood type screening and chemistries
Lavender EDTA forms calcium salts to remove calcium uses hematology CBC and blood bank crossmatch requires a full draw invert 8 times to prevent clotting and platelet clumping
Gold Top separating gel and clot activator serum separator tube SST contains gel at the bottom to separate the blood from serum centrifugation uses serology endcrine immunology including HIV
Light Blue sodium citrate Na Citrate forms calcium salts to remove calcium coagulation tests PT PTT TCT CMV tube must be filled 100%
Dark Green sodium heparin or lithium heparin inactivates thrombin and thromboplastin uses ammonia lactate HLA typing for lithium level uses sodium heparin for ammonia level use sodium or lithium heparin
Yellow top ACD acid citrate dextose complement inactivation uses paternity testing DNA studies
Dark Blue Sodium heparing or Na2 EDTA forms calcium salts tube is designed to contain no contaminating metals uses toxicology and trace elements testing and drug level testing
Tan sodium heparin inactivates thrombin and thromboplastin uses serum lead determination
light gray sodium fluoride and potassium oxalate antiglycolytic agent preserves glucose up to 5 day uses lithium leve use sodium heparin glucoses requires a full draw
black top sodium citrate forms calcium slats to remove calcium uses wetergren sedimentation rate requires a full draw
Orange thrombin quickly clots blood uses STAT serum chemistries
1 yellow top/blood culture tube or vials
2 light blue top/sodium citrate
3 red top/serum tubes
4 green tops/heparin tube
5 lavender top/EDTA tubes
6 gray top/glycolytic inhibioter
7 dark blue/FDP
 

 



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