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15 cont

med term

cystometer an instrument that measures bladder capacity in relation to changing pressure
cortex the outer layer of a body organ or structure
catheter a hollow flexible tube that can be inserted into the body cavity or vessel for the purpose of installing or withdrawing fluid
calyx the cup shaped division of the rental pelvis through which urine passes from the rental tubules
asymptomatic without symptoms
bowman's capsule the cup shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus;also called glomercular capsule
calculus an abnormal stone formed in the body tissues by an accumulation of mineral salts;usually formed in the gallbladder
arteriole the smallest branch of an artery
aseptic technique any health care procedure in which precautions are taken to prevent contamination of a person,object or area by microorganisms
azotemia the presence of excessive amounts of waste products of metabolism in the blood caused by failure of the kidney's to remove urea from the blood.is a characteristic of uremia
antiseptic a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms
nephrolithiasis a condition of kidney stones;also known as renal calculi
nephrolith a kidney stone;also called a renal calculus
palpable distinguishable by touch
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum (the membrane lining the abdominal cavity
peritomeum a specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera;the inner lining of the abdominal cavity
radiopaque not permitting the passage of x-rays or other radiant energy.appear white on an exposed x-ray film
renal calculus a stone formation in the kidney;also called a nephrolith
renal artery one of a pair of large arteries branching from the abdominal aorta that supplies blood to the kidneys,adrenal glands and uterus
renal tubule long twisted tube that leads away from the glomerulus of the kidney 2 the collecting tubules.as the glomeruluar filtrate passes through the tubules,water,sugar,salts r reabsorbed into the bloodstream through the network of capillaries that surround them
renal pelvis the central collecting part of the kidney that narrows into the large upper en of the ureter.it receives urine through the calyces and drains it into the uterus
micturition the act of eliminating urine from the bladder;also called voiding or urination
urinary incontinence inability to control urination;the inability to retain urine in the bladder
urinary retention an abnormal involuntary accumulation of urine in the bladder;the inability to empty the bladder
cystoscope an instrument used to view the interior of the bladder
residual urine urine that remains in the bladder after urination
renal vein one of two vessels that carries blood away from the kidney
solute a substance dissolved in a solution, as in the waste products filtered out of the kidney into the urine
specific gravity the weight of a substance compared with an equal volume of water which is considered to be the standard
cystoscopy the process of viewing the interior of the bladder using a cystoscope
extracorporporeal lithotripsy noninvasive mechanical procedure for using sound waves to break up renal calcui so that they can pass through the uterus. also known as extracorpoeal shock-wave lithotripsy
urinalysis physical,chemical or microscopic examination of urine
intravenous pyelogram radiographic procedure provides visualization of the entire urinary tract;kidney,uterus,bladder and urethra;also known as excretory urogram
ultrasonograpgy procedure in which sound waves are transmitted into the body structures as a small transducer is passed over the patients skin;also known as ultrasound
kub(kidneys,ureters,bladder) an x-ray of the lower abdomen that defines the size,shape & location of the kidneys,ureters and bladder. a contrast medium is not used with this x-ray
renal angiography x-ray visualization of the internal anatomy of the renal blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium
random specimen a urine specimen that is collected at any time
first-voided specimen the patient is instructed to collect the first-voided specimen of the morning and to refrigerate it until it can be taken to the medical office or laboratory
residual urine specimen obtained by cateterization after the patient empties the bladder by voiding.the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after voiding is noted as the residual amount
catheterized specimen (sterile specimen) very small straight catheter is inserted into the bladder via the urethra to withdraw a urine specimen.the urine flows through the catheter into a sterile specimen container
Created by: Courtne