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MedTerm Chap 8

LOM Chapter 8 Vocabulary

Adnexa uteri Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
Amnion Innermost membrane around the developing embryo.
Areola Dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple.
Batholin glands Small exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice.
Cervix Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
Chorion Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta.
Clitoris Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus.
Coitus Sexual intercourse; capulation.
Corpus luteum Empty graatian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone after release of the egg cell.
Cul-de-sac Region within the pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
Embryo Stage in prenatal development from implantation of the fertilized ovum until the second month of pregnancy.
Endometrium Inner mucous membrane lining the uterus.
Estrogen Hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for promoting female secondary sex characteristics.
Fallopian Tube One pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
Fertilization Union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
Fetus Embryo from the eighth week after fertilization until birth.
Fimbriae Finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum.
Gamete Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum.
Genitalia Reproductive organs
Gestation Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth; pregnancy.
Gonad Organ in male (testis) and female (ovary) that produces gametes.
Graafian follicle Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary.
Gynecology Study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the mother’s ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
Hymen Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the vaginal orifice.
Labia Lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller innermost lips.
Lactiferous ducts Tubes that carry milk within the breast.
Luteinizing hormone (LH) Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation.
Mammary papilla Nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection.
Menarche Beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty.
Menopause Gradual ending of menstruation.
Menstruation Monthly shedding of the uterine lining.
Menses The normal flow of blood and tissue that occurs during menstruation.
Myometrium Muscle layer lining the uterus.
Neonatology Branch of medicine that concentrates on the care of the newborn.
Obstetrics Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
Ovary One of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis.
Ovulation Release of the ovum from the ovary.
Ovum Egg cell; female gamete.
Parturition Act of giving birth.
Perineum In females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
Pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain that produces hormones to stimulate ovaries.
Placenta Vascular organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall. It is the communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams.
Progesterone Hormone produced by the corpus luetum in the ovary and placenta of pregnant women.
Puberty Period of life when the ability to reproduce begins.
Uterine serosa Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
Uterus Hollow, pear-shapped muscular female organ in which the embryo develops and menstruation occurs.
Vagina Tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
Vulva External genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris.
Amnio amnion
Cervico Cervix, neck
Chorio Chorion
Choriono Chorion
Colpo Vagina
Culdo cul-de-sac
Episio vulva
Galacto milk
Gyneco Woman, female
Hystero Uterus, womb
Lacto Milk
Mammo Breast
Masto Breast
Meno Menses, menstruation
Metro Uterus
Metrio Uterus
Myo Muscle
Myomo Muscle tumor
Nati Birth
Obstetro Midwife
Oo Egg
Ovario Ovary
Ovulo Egg
Oophoro Ovary
Ovo Egg
Perineo Perineum
Phoro To bear
Salpingo Fallopian Tubes
Utero Uterus
Vagino Vagina
Vulvo Vulva
Arche Beginning
Cyesis Pregnancy
Gravida Pregnancy
Parous To bear, bring forth
Rrhea Discharge
Salpinx uterine tube
Tocia Labor, birth
Version Act of turning
Nulli None, no, not
Pre Before
Primi First
Retro Backward
Created by: suprant