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Med Term Ch 3 & 4

OCC Medical Terminology M. Willis

QuestionAnswer
chir/o hand
crin/o to secrete
dent/i teeth
enter/o small intestine
esthesi/o sensation
ger/o old age
gynec/o woman
immun/o safe
laryng/o voicebox
neur/o nerve
obstetr/o midwife
onc/o tumor
opthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
physi/o physical
radi/o x-ray
allergy and immunology diagnose, treatment, and prevention of allergy diseasesallergist/immunologist
anesthesiology comprehensive medical management and anesthetic care before, during and after surgery anesthesiologist
internal medicine nonsurgical care centered around prevention diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of adultinternist
gastroenterology diagnosis and management of condition related to the digestive system
hematology diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders
chir/o hand
crin/o to secrete
dent/i teeth
enter/o small intestine
esthesi/o sensation
ger/o old age
gynec/o woman
immun/o safe
laryng/o voicebox
neur/o nerve
obstetr/o midwife
onc/o tumor
opthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
physi/o physical
radi/o x-ray
allergy and immunology diagnose, treatment, and prevention of allergy diseasesallergist/immunologist
anesthesiology comprehensive medical management and anesthetic care before, during and after surgery anesthesiologist
internal medicine nonsurgical care centered around prevention diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of adultinternist
gastroenterology diagnosis and management of condition related to the digestive system
hematology diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders
nephrology nonsurgical treatment of kidney disorders
oncology treatment of tumors and cancer
rheumatology treatment of arthritis and related disorders
medical genetics diagnosis, treatment and prevention of genetic (inherited) disorders, includes research, laboratory testing and counseling
neurology non surgical treatment of diseases of the nervous systemneurologist
neurological surgery surgical and non surgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system and supportive structures, including blood vessels
nuclear medicine use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease; a dual speciality in other fields, such as radiology, internal medicine, neurology and cardiology is common
obstetrics and gynecologyOB/GYN care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth and immediate postpartum period
gynecology medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the female reproductive and urinary system
opthalmology medical and surgical treatment of the eye including vision care and services
orthopedic surgery medical, surgical and rehabilitatie treatment of disorders of teh musculskeletal system, including the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves
otolaryngology medical and surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat and adjoining structures of the head and neckotolaryngologist or ENT physician
pathology study of disease emphasizing examination of tissue for diagnosis, eg, biopsy, autopsy
pediatrics comprehensive medical care of infants, children and adolescents, with emphasis on diease prevention and healthful physical and mental development
physical medicine and rehabilitation physiatry treatment of patients suffering from neruomusculoskeletal disorders caused by illness or injury eg, stroke, spinal cord injury
plastic surgery surgery for restoration, repair, or reconstruction of body structures eg, body contouring, skin grafting
prevention medicine medical care that focuses on prevention of disease and health maintenance; specialty areas include: aerospace medicine, occupational medicine, public health, and general preventative medicine
psychiatry diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders
radiology use of ionizing & nonionizing imaging modalities, including x-ray, radionuclides, magnetic resonance & ultrasound, to diagnose disease or in therapies that involve imaging guidance, primary fields include diagnostic radiology, radiation oncology & physics
surgery treatment of diseases and trauma requiring an operation, subspecialty area include vascular, pediatric, hand and critical care surgery
thoracic surgery treatment of diseases, deformities, and trauma requiring an operation within the chest, including the heart and lungs
urology surgical and nonsurgical treatment of the male urinary and reproductive system and the female urinary system
doctor of chiropractic medicine DC
doctor of dental surgery DDS
doctor of podiatric medicine DPM
doctor of optometry OD
doctor of psychology Psy.D or PhD
ABMS American Board of Medical Specialties
ACP American College of Physicians
ACS American College of Surgeons
AOA American Osteopathic Association
ENT ear nose throat
MD Doctor of Medicine
OD Doctor of Optometry
H&P History and Physical
Hx History
CC Chief Complaint
c/o complains of
HPI (PI) History of Present Illness (Present Illness)
Sx symptom
PMH (PH) Past Medical History (Past History)
UCHD usual childhood diseases
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
FH family history
SH social history
OH occupational history
ROS (SR) review of systems (systems review)
PE (Px) physical examination
HEENT head eyes ears nose throat
NAD no acute distress, no appreciable disease
PERRLA pupils equal, round and reactive to light and accommodation
WNL within normal limits
Dx diagnosis
IMP impression
A assessment
R/O rule out
P plan
CCU coronary (cardiac) care unit
ECU emergency care unit
ER emergency room
ICU intensive care unit
IP inpatient (a registered bed patient)
OP outpatient
OR operating room
PACU postanesthetic care unit
PAR postanesthetic recovery
post-op postoperative (after surgery)
pre-op preoperative (before surgery)
RTC return to clinic
RTO return to office
BRP bathroom privileges
CP chest pain
*DC, D/C* discharge, discontinue
ETOH ethyl alcohol
L (cirle) left
R (circle) right
pt patient
RRR regular rate and rhythm
SOB shortness of breath
Tr treatment
Tx treatment or traction
VS vital signs
T temperature
P pulse
R respiration
BP blood pressure
Ht height
Wt weight
WDWN well developed and well nourished
y.o. year old
# number or pound
radiography (x-ray) modality using xrays (ionizing radiation) to produce images of the bodys anatomy to diagnose a condition or impairment
computed tomography (CT) cross sectional xray films in a full circle - computer then calculates and converts the rates of absorption and density of the xrays into a three dimensional picture on a screen
nuclear medicine imaging injected or ingested radioactive isotope (radionuclide) - emits gamma ray
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) nonionizing imaging technique using magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves
sonography use of high frequency sound waves to visualize body tissues
acute sharp; having intense, often severe sypmtoms and a short cause
chronic a condition developing slowly and persisting over time
benign mild or non-cancerous
malignant harmful or cancerous
degeneration gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
degenerative disease any disease in which there is deterioration of structure or function of tissue
diagnosis determination of the presence of a disease based an evaluation of symptoms signs and test findings
etiology cause of a disease
exacerbation increase in severity of a disease with aggravation of symptoms
remission a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
febrile relating to a fever
gross large; visible to the naked eye
idiopathic a condition occuring without a clearly identified cause
localized limited to a definite area or part
systemic relating to the whole body rather than only a part
malaise a feeling of unwellness, often the frist indication of illness
marked significant
equivocal vague, questionable
morbidity sick, a state of disease
morbidity rate the number of cases of a disease in a given year; the ratio of sick to well individuals in a given population
mortality the state of being subject to death
mortality rate death rate; ratio of total number of deaths to total number in a given population
prognosis foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on the general health status of the patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease
progressive the advance of a condition as signs and symptoms increase in severity
prophylaxis a process or measure that prevents diesase
recurrent to occur again; describes a return of symptoms and signs after a period of quiescence (rest or inactivity)
sequela a disorder or condition after, and usually resulting from, a previous disease or injury
sign a mark; objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
symptom occurrence; subjective evidence of disease that is perceived by the patient and often noted in his or her own words
syndrome a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease, eg. menopausal syndrome
*cc* cubic centimeter
cm centimeter
g or gm gram
kg kilogram
L liter
mg milligram
ml, mL milliliter
mm millimeter
cu mm cubic millimeter
fl oz fluid ounce
gr grain
gt drop
gtt drops
dr dram
oz ounce
lb or # pound
qt quart
tablet / capsule oral / sublingualby mouth / under the tongue in the cheek
suppository inserted in vagina / rectum
fluid inhalationinhaled through nose or mouth
parenteral by injection (within skin/muscle/vein or under the skin)
cream, lotion, ointment topicalapplied to the surface of the skin
other delivery systems transdermal / implantabsorption of drug through unbroken skin /a drug reservoir imbedded in the body to provide continual infusion of a medication
*q.d.* every day
*q.o.d.* every other day
*AS, AD, AU* left ear, right ear, both ears
*OS, OD, OU* left eye, right eye, both eyes
*SC or SQ* subcutaneus
* >,< * greater than, less than
a (with line above) before
a.c. before meals
a.m. before noon
b.i.d. twice a day
d day
h hour
*h.s.* at hour of sleep (bedtime)
noc. night
p (with line above) after
p.c. after meals
p.m. after noon
p.r.n. as needed
q every
* q d * every day
q h every hour
q 2 h every 2 hours
q.i.d. four times a day
*q.o.d.* every other day
STAT immediately
t.i.d. three times a day
wk week
yr year
*AD* right ear
*AS* left ear
*AU* both ears
ad lib. as desired
amt amount
aq water
B (in circle) bilateral
C celsius, centigrade
c (with line above) with
F fahrenheit
m (in circle) murmur
NPO nothing by mouth
*OD* right eye
*OS* left eye
*OU* both eyes
per by or through
p.o. by mouth
PR through rectum
PV through vagina
q.n.s. quantity not sufficient
q.s. quantity sufficient
Rx recipe, prescription
Sig: label; instructions to patient
s (with line over) without
*ss* (with line over) one-half
w.a. while awake
X times or for (eg X6 - six times)
*>* greater than
*<* less than
I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VII, IX, X uppercase roman numerals
1:00 a.m. zero one hundred
2:00 a.m. zero two hundred
2:15 a.m. zero two fifteen
Created by: leahrussell