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Lesson 5 Med Terms

Neurosensory Terms and Root Term Review

QuestionAnswer
audio sound ***audio,speakers, sound*** audiology-study of sound
cerebro brain ***brain, head,brow,cerebro*** cerebrosclerosis-brain hardening
encephalo brain ***brain,angel's head,in safe halo, encephalo*** encephalopathy-brain disease
esthesia sensation ***sensation, cold, Russia, Anastasia, esthesia*** anesthesia-without sensation
medulla brain middle ***brain middle, head, Medusa, medulla*** medullectomy-brain excision
meningo membranes, spinal cord ***membranes, men braines, what makes men go, meningo*** meningitis-meninges inflammation
neuro nerves ***nerves,nervy, uh-oh,neuro*** neurology-nerves, study of
occiput back of skull ***back of skull,pillow,head is put, occiput*** occipitofacial-occiput and face
oculo eye ***eye,occular, oculo*** oculomotor-eye movement
opthalmo eye ***eye,idea,choose, opt almost, opthalmo*** opthalmology-eye, study of
oto ear ***ear,sound,noise,road noise,auto,oto*** otitis-ear inflammation
parietes parietal,wall( They lie in the top middle-back of the brain) part ***wall of brain, partition, parietes*** parietofrontal-front wall or bones
pons bridges (It is a bridge between the medulla oblongata and the midbrain.) ***bridges in the brain, bridge, game,chess,pawns,pons*** pontobullbar-pons and medulla
tempora temporal ***temporal,time, tempo, row to a tempo, tempero*** temporomandibular-temple and jaw
adeno Gland: The patient went to the oncologist for treatment of his malignant adenoma. Meaning: The patient went to the cancer doctor for treatment of his cancerous gland tumor.
calculi stone: The patient went to the nephrologist for a lithotripsy procedure to treat her renal calculi. Meaning: The patient went to the kidney doctor for a stone-breaking procedure that uses sound to break up kidney stones.
cele tumor, cyst:The urologist told the patient to treat his traumatic hydrocele with a scrotal support until the edema subsides. Meaning:Doctor specializing in urine complications told patient to treat his swollen groin with support, till it goes away.
cyto cell:The neonatologist ordered the phlebotomist to perform a test of the mother's blood for cytomegalovirus. Meaning: The new baby doctor ordered the blood drawer to perform a test of the mother's blood for a large virus that affects cells.
glyco sweet,sugar:The patient's hepatitis was causing glycopexis. Meaning: The patient's liver disease was causing his liver to have difficulty storing sugar.
homeo, homo sililar,same,like:he patient's burns were healing nicely due to the homograft treatments, also called allograft. Meaning: The patient's burns were healing nicely due to the similar skin treatment.
lingua tongue-The surgeon performed a lingulectomy on the patient based on the pulmonologist's recommendations.Meaning: The respiratory doctor recommended that a part of the left upper lung that is tongue-shaped be removed.
lip fat:he dietician recommended that lipids be added to the patient's parenteral nutrition. Meaning: The food specialist recommended that a fat supplement be added to the patient's intravenous (within vein) nutrition.
lith stone:The patient needed a cholecystectomy because of her cholelithiasis. Meaning: The patient needed her gallbladder removed because of her gallstones.
madaro hair loss:The burn patient suffered madarosis due to a flash burn to his face. Meaning: The burn patient lost his eyelashes and eyebrows due to a flash burn to his face.
pedia child:The pediatrician said that the boy was not developing properly because of his pedatropy condition. Meaning: The childrens doctor children said that the boy was not growing correctly due to a children's disease that causes him to waste away.
pysch mind:Psychotropic drugs were ordered by the psychiatrist for the psychotic patient. Meaning: Drugs that treat the mind were ordered by the doctor who treats mental disorders for the patient's mental disease.
pyo pus:The nurse described the patient's wound drainage as pustulant because it was pyoid in appearance. Meaning: The nurse described the patient's wound drainage as filled with pus because it looked like pus.
radi rays:The radiologist ordered a chest X ray for the cancer patient who was receiving radiation therapy. Meaning: The doctor who reads X rays ordered a chest X ray for the cancer patient who was receiving ionizing ray therapy.
thermic heat:The mountain climber almost succumbed due to hypothermia. Meaning: The mountain climber almost died due to loss of body temperature (cold).
arthro joint:The arthritis patient's conditon was called arthrosclerosis. Meaning: The patient with joint disease had a condition called joint hardening.
carpo wrist:The orthopedic surgeon indicated that without rehab, the patient may experience carpoptosis. Meaning: The bone surgeon indicated that without exercise, the patient may experience wrist dropping.
chondro cartilage:The basketball player was told he should retire because of the chondromalacia, which involved his patella. Meaning: The basketball player was told he should retire because of soft cartilage around his kneecap.
costa rib:The electrocardiogram technician placed the lead in the third intercostal space. Meaning: The electric waves of the heart were tested, and the technician placed an electrode (lead) between the third and fourth ribs.
cranio skull:The obstetrician performed a cranioclasis because the baby was hydrocephalic. Meaning: The doctor who delivered the baby broke his skull because fluid in the baby's head had made the skull too large.
dactyl finger:The deaf student requested a dactylologist be present when she is in class. Meaning: The deaf student requested that someone who knows sign language be present in class.
ili hip:The male siblings were always together due to their iliopagus. Meaning: The brothers were joined at the hip (Siamese twins).
manus hand:The dentist used a manudynamometer during the procedure. Meaning: The dentist used a device to measure pressure during the procedure.
myel bone marrow:The patient's leukemia was caused by a lack of myelocytes. Meaning: The patient's cancer of the blood was caused by a lack of cells in the bone marrow that produce white blood cells.
myo muscle:Myoplastic surgery was required to repair the baseball pitcher's arm. Meaning: The baseball player needed plastic surgery to the muscle to repair his arm.
ortho straighten:The orthopedist referred the patient to the orthodontist to fix his crooked teeth. Meaning: The doctor who deals with posture and curvature problems referred the patient to a dentist who fixes crooked teeth.
osteo bone:Osteomyelitis occurred after the patient had surgery, probably caused by a nosocomial infection. Meaning: An inflammation of the bone and bone marrow occurred after the patient had surgery, probably caused by a hospital-acquired infection.
pedi foot:The patient required a pediluvium prior to his foot surgery. Meaning: The patient required a foot bath prior to his foot surgery.
spondyl vertebra:The patient's scoliosis was caused by spondylolysis. Meaning: The patient's curvature of the spine was caused by a breaking down of the vertebrae structure.
cutis skin:he injection site for the medication was through the subcutaneous tissue. Meaning: The injection site for the medication was under or below the skin.
dent teeth:The gerontologist was amazed that the 110-year-old man was dentulous. Meaning: The doctor who treats older people was amazed that the old man had all his the natural teeth.
derma skin:Years ago when the doctor could not find an intravenous site, she would give fluids by hypodermoclysis. Meaning: Years ago, when the doctor could not find a site within the vein, she would inject fluid below the skin and into the subcutaneous tissue.
hapsia touch:The nurse said that the patient was complaining of poor parapsia. Meaning: The nurse said that the patient had a poor sensation of feeling.
odont teeth:The dentist told the patient that he needed to go to an orthodontist for odontoplasty. Meaning: The tooth doctor told the patient that he needed to go to a bone and tooth doctor to reshape his tooth.
onco tumor:The oncologist indicated to the patient that her tumor was benign. Meaning: The cancer doctor indicated that the abnormal lump of cells were not cancerous and would not spread.
onychia nailbeds:The podiatrist told the patient that she had onychomycosis. Meaning: The foot doctor told the patient that she had nail fungus.
pedicular lice:The pediatrician told the mother that she needed to use a pediculicide for her son's pediculosis. Meaning: The doctor who treats children told the mother that she needed a lice-destroying agent for her son's lice.
psora itch:The customer was looking for a medicated shampoo for his psoriasis. Meaning: The customer was looking for a medicated shampoo to treat his itching scalp condition.
prurigo itching:The dermatologist told the patient that he had developed a case of pruritis from contact with poison ivy. Meaning: The skin doctor told the patient he had a bad itching condition from contact with the poison ivy.
sarco flesh:The oncologist told the patient that her sarcoma was getting worse. Meaning: The cancer doctor told the patient that her malignant (spreading) flesh cancer was getting worse.
sclero hard:The cardiologist was treating the patient for arteriosclerosis. Meaning: The heart doctor was treating the patient for hardening of the arteries.
squama scaly:The patient contracted Steven-Johnson's Syndrome, which affected the squamous cell tissue. Meaning: The patient contracted a severely inflamed allergic reaction, which affected the squamous tissue (which looks like scales up close).
tricho hair:The patient's alopecia was due to her trichonosis. Meaning: The patient's hair loss was due to her diseased condition of the hair.
chole bile:The doctor told the patient to reduce his fat intake because he had a cholecystectomy. Meaning: The doctor told the patient to reduce his fat intake because he had already had his gallbladder removed.
colon large intestine:The patient needed to stay away from corn and peanuts due to her colitis. Meaning: The patient needed to stay away from corn and peanuts due to her inflammation of the large intestine.
emesis vomiting:The Mallory-Weiss tear was causing the patient to experience a large amount of hematemesis. Meaning: The tear in the stomach lining, usually due to retching, was causing the patient to experience a large amount of blood in the vomit.
entero intestine:The gastroenterologist was examining the patient for his stomach pains. Meaning: The doctor who takes care of the stomach and intestines was examining the patient for his stomach pains.
gastro stomach:The patient needed to take antacid for her gastritis. Meaning: The patient needed to take antacid for her stomach inflammation. (Acid in the stomach that kills bacteria can sometimes be the culprit in gastritis.)
glosso tongue:The patient bit his tongue so badly that he needed a glossorrhaphy. Meaning: The patient bit his tongue so badly that he needed a suture repair of the tongue.
hepat liver:Too much alcohol can be hepatotoxic. Meaning: Too much alcohol can be toxic (poisonous) to the liver.
ile ileum:Due to the patient's bowel obstruction, the doctor performed an ileostomy. Meaning: Due to the patient's blockage in the digestive system, the doctor made a surgical hole into the ileum of the small intestines.
laparo abdomen:The doctor did not know what was wrong with the patient, so he did an exploratory laparotomy. Meaning: The doctor did not know what was wrong with the patient, so he surgically opened the abdomen to look around and see what's wrong.
myxo mucus:The drainage had a myxoid appearance. Meaning: The drainage resembled mucous.
procto anus:The proctologist ordered a barium enema for the patient. Meaning: The doctor who treats lower digestive tract diseases ordered an enema done in conjunction with an X ray.
pyloro pylorus,gatekeeper:The patient had pyloristenosis. This is why he had to eat small amounts at each meal. Meaning: The patient narrowing of the pyloris, which controls food passing into the small intestines.
stoma opening,mouth:The stoma to the colostomy was a bright red color. Meaning: The entrance into the surgical hole that led into the large intestines was a bright red color.
viscero body organs:The disease was causing the patient to have visceromegaly. Meaning: The disease was causing the patient to have an enlargement of the body organs, particularly in the abdomen.
angio vesselThe radiologist performed an angiogram on the lady with the pain in her leg. Meaning: The X ray doctor looked at a blood vessel through X ray by inserting a special dye into the vein.
aortal aorta,main artery:The patient almost died from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. Meaning: The patient almost died from a ruptured bulge in the heart vessel that travels through the stomach area.
arterio artery:The patient had a myocardial infarction due to his arteriostenosis. Meaning: The patient had a heart attack due to the narrowing in his artery.
atria atrium auricle,heart chamber:Blood flows from the atrium to the ventricle through the atrioventricular valve. Meaning: Blood flows from the upper portion of the heart to the lower portion of the heart through the atrioventricular valve.
cardio heart:The cardiologist wanted to perform a stress test on the patient. Meaning: The heart doctor wanted to exercise the patient while monitoring the heart.
emboli vessel obstruction:The surgeon performed an embolectomy on the patient's leg. Meaning: The surgeon removed a vessel obstruction from the patient's leg.
emia blood:The patient needed a blood transfusion due to his anemia. Meaning: The patient needed a blood transfusion due to his low red blood cell count. (Anemia literally means without blood or, in this case, lack thereof.)
hema,hemo blood:The hematology lab work was still pending. Meaning: The blood tests were not yet available.
phleb vein:The patient suffered phlebitis due to an IV infiltration. Meaning: The patient suffered from an inflammation of a vein because the intravenous fluid was infusing into the tissue rather than the vein.
thrombo blood clot:The bypass patient suffered an adverse thrombogenic reaction due to the heparin. Meaning: The medication heparin did the opposite of what it was supposed to do (keep blood from clotting) and actually caused the blood to clot
varico varicose veins:The patient had a varicotomy performed on her varicose veins. Meaning: The patient had her varicose veins removed.
vaso blood vessel:he cold weather caused vasoconstriction in the boy's lower extremities. Meaning: The cold weather caused a narrowing of the blood vessels in the boy's legs. (This is usually transient, or does not last.)
vena vein:The superior vena cava empties into the right atrium. Meaning: The upper vena cava (the largest vein in the body) empties into the right atrium.
ventricu heart cavity:Ventricular tachycardia is almost always a life-threatening situation. Meaning: When the ventricles of the heart beat fast and irregular, it is almost always a life-threatening situation.
broncho bronchi,airway:The child stayed home from school because he had a bad case of bronchitis. Meaning: The child stayed home from school because he had a badly inflamed bronchus (which leads from the trachea, or windpipe, to the inner lungs).
cili hairlike processes:The nasal airways are ciliated. Meaning: Hair grows in your nose.
ectasis expansion:The patient was experiencing atelectasis due to her pneumonia. Meaning: The patient could not adequately expand her lungs.
laryngo larynx,voice box:The patient went into laryngospasms when the doctor tried to intubate. Meaning: The patient's larynx passage went into spasms and closed when the doctor tried to insert an artificial airway into the air passage.
naso nose:The patient pulled out his nasogastric tube. Meaning: The patient pulled out the tube that goes through the nose down the back of the throat and into the stomach.
oro mouth:The patient pulled out his oropharyngeal airway. Meaning: The patient pulled out the J-shaped piece of plastic that helps keep the airway open by suppressing the tongue.
oxy oxygen,keen:The respiratory patient was well oxygenated. Meaning: The patient was getting adequate oxygen to his bloodstream.
pector breast,chest:The chest compressions should be just above the bottom of the pectus. Meaning: The chest compressions should be just above the bottom of the sternum or breastbone.
pleura rib side:The patient was suffering from a very painful pleurisy. Meaning: The patient was suffering from a very painful rub along the lining of the lung.
pneumo lung:A pneumogram was ordered to check for pulmonary emboli. Meaning: A lung scan checking blood vessels to the lung was ordered to look for obstructions.
pytsis to spit:The match was called because of the boxer's hemoptysis. Meaning: The match was called because of the boxer spitting up blood.
pulmo lungs:The pulmonologist said that the lungs were just fine. Meaning: The respiratory (lung) doctor said the lungs were just fine.
rhin nose:The patient's allergies were responsible for the rhinitis. Meaning: The patient's allergies were responsible for the runny nose (which is actually inflammation of the nose).
tracheo trachea,windpipe:The patient required a tracheotomy in order to breath more easily. Meaning: The patient required a procedure where a hole is cut into the throat and on into the trachea in order to create an open airway.
creatinine a waste material in urine:The doctor was concerned about the patient's creatinemia. Meaning: The doctor was concerned about the patient's abnormal concentrations of creatine in peripheral blood.
cysto bladder:A cystoscopy was ordered for the patient with poor bladder retention. Meaning: A study of the bladder was ordered because the patient could not hold his urine.
glomerulo nephron part, little ball:The patient was diagnosed by the renal specialist with glomerulonephritis. Meaning: The kidney specialist said the patient had an inflammation of the filters in the kidney.
nephro kidney:The nephrologist told the family that the patient would need dialysis. Meaning: The kidney doctor told the family that the patient would need his blood cleaned because his kidneys were bad.
peritoneo lining of the abdominal organs:The patient experienced peritonitis after the surgical repair of her bladder. Meaning: The patient experienced inflammation of the lining of the abdominal (belly) organs after the surgical repair of her bladder.
pyelo pelvis:The patient was diagnosed with pyelonephritis by the nephrologist. Meaning: The kidney doctor determined that the patient had an inflammmation of the kidney and pelvis.
reni kidney:The patient was suffering portal hypertension due to poor renovascularization. Meaning: The patient had high blood pressure due to poor blood flow through the kidneys.
uretero ureter:The patient required a ureterocolic anastomosis for lesions of the lower urinary tract. Meaning: The patient required surgery that would join the ureter and the colon to treat the lesions of the lower urinary tract.
urehtro urethra:The physician performed a urethrocystometrography on the patient. Meaning: The physician performed a test to measure and study the patient's urethra and bladder.
uri urine:The patient was referred to the psychiatrist for his condition of uriposia. Meaning: The patient was referred to the psychiatrist for his condition of urine drinking.
uric pertaining to urine:The doctor was puzzled as to the cause of the patient's uricosuric condition. Meaning: The doctor was puzzled as to the cause of the patient's increased production of uric acid.
urina urine:The doctor ordered a urinalysis for the patient complaining of painful urination. Meaning: The doctor ordered a lab study of the urine for the patient complaining of painful urination.
uro urine:The patient was placed in the critical care unit as a result of her urosepsis. Meaning: The patient was placed in the critical care unit because her urinary infection had advanced into the bloodstream.
bulbo bulblike,bulbourethral gland:The patient was diagnosed with bulbitis. Meaning: The patient was diagnosed with an inflammation of the bulbourethral gland.
cervi neck,uterus:The patient is recovering from her cervicectomy. Meaning: The patient is waiting to become stable after the surgical removal of the neck of her uterus.
galacto milk:The mother of the 12-month-old baby was complaining of galactorrhea. Meaning: The mother of the 12-month-old baby was complaining of continued discharge of milk. (This involves mothers whose babies have been weaned from the breast.)
genito reproductive system:The patient's genital warts were exacerbated through stress. Meaning: Sexually transmitted disease warts in the groin region worsened because of stress.
hyster uterus:The doctor told the patient that she had hysteratresia. Meaning: The doctor told the patient that she had an abnormal opening into the uterus.
lactin milk:The mother was told to stop nursing her baby because the infant was lactimorbus. Meaning: The mother had to stop giving her baby fresh milk because the milk was making the baby sick.
mast breast:The breast biopsy indicates that the patient may need a mastectomy. Meaning: The removal of breast tissue (flesh) for examination indicated that the patient may need breast removal.
metr uterus:The patient's metrorrhagia may be caused by a possible miscarriage. Meaning: The patient's abnormal bleeding from the uterus may be caused by a possible miscarriage.
natal born:The doctor told the pregnant teenager that she needed to take her prenatal vitamins. Meaning: The doctor told the pregnant teenager that she needed to take her before-birth vitamins.
oophoro ovary:The patient was diagnosed with oophorocystosis. Meaning: The patient had an ovarian cyst (tumor) formation.
orchido testicle:The cancer patient required an orchiectomy. Meaning: The cancer patient required the surgical removal of the testicles.
ova,ovi,ovo female sex cell, egg:The patient was told that she might not be able to have children due to her poor oviferous condition. Meaning: The patient was told she might not be able to have children because her egg could not move from the ova to the uterus.
salping tube,fallopian:The doctor performed a salpingostomy in order to remove the ectopic pregnancy. Meaning: The doctor made an opening into the fallopian tube to remove the fertilized egg that didnt advance to the uterus and is growing within a fallopian tube.
sperma,spermato seed:The young woman was using a spermacide during intercourse. Meaning: The young woman was using an agent that kills sperm during sexual relations.
vas duct,vessel:The judge recommended that the "deadbeat dad," who had children from several mothers, get a vasectomy. Meaning: The judge recommended that the dad who didn't pay child support get a surgical cut of the vas deferens.
audio sound:The audiologist was going to test the student's hearing. Meaning: The hearing specialist was going to test the student's hearing.
cerebro brain:The doctor ordered a culture and sensitivity on the cerebrospinal fluid. Meaning: The doctor ordered tests for the presence of bacteria and what antibiotics would kill the bacteria on the brain and spinal fluid.
encephalo brain:The patient's encephalopathy was getting worse. Meaning: The patient's brain disease was getting worse.
esthesia sensation:The doctor ordered anesthesia for the surgery. Meaning: The doctor ordered medication that would cause the patient to not feel anything during the surgery.
medulla brain middle:The medulla oblongata is a part of the brain. Meaning: Medulla means middle and is used in reference to many parts of the body.
meningo membranes,spinal cord:The baby was born with a myelomeningocele. Meaning: The baby was born with a protrusion of the spinal cord through the vertebral column.
neuro nerves:The doctor ordered a neuromuscular blocking agent for the combative ventilator patient. Meaning: The doctor ordered a muscle and nerve blocking agent for the combative patient who was on an artificial breathing machine.
occiput back of skull:The patient had an occipitotemporal fracture. Meaning: The patient had a break in the occiput and temporal regions of the skull.
oculo eye:he oculomotor function of the car accident victim was working just fine. Meaning: The eye movement capability of the car accident victim was working just fine.
ophthalmo eye: The ophthalmologist told the client that he needed glasses. Meaning: The eye specialist told the client that he needed glasses.
oto ear:The EENT specialist told the patient that the ringing in her ear was a condition called otitis media. Meaning: The eyes, ears, nose, and throat doctor told the patient that the ringing in her ear was caused by middle-ear inflammation.
parietes parietal,wall part: The patient had a parieto-occipital fracture. Meaning: The patient had a break in the occiput and parietal regions of the skull.
pons bridges:The pons varolii is a part of the brain stem near the medulla oblongata. Meaning: The pons varolii is where the cranial nerves originate in the brain stem near the medulla oblongata.
tempora temporal:he neurologist said the brain injury occurred in the temporopontine region. Meaning: The nerve doctor said the injury was in the temporal and pons regions of the brain.
Created by: selonimes