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Medical Term Ch 5

Integumentary System - Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

skin test (clinical) any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patients sensitivity to it.
intradermal skin test skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction.
patch skin test skin test that identifies suspected allergens by topical application of the substance to be tested (such as food, pollen, and animal fur), usually on the forearm and observing for a subsequent reaction.
scratch (prick) skin test skin test that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin.
biopsy representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination.
needle biopsy remaoval of a small tissue sample for examination using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe.
punch biopsy removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch
shave biopsy removal of surgical blade is used to rmove elevated lesions
frozen section (FS) biopsy ultrathin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination
chemical peel chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses; also called chemabrasion.
debridement removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes, or chemical agents
fulguration tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric current; also called electrodesiccation
cryosurgery use of subfreezing temperature (commonly liquid nitrogen) to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue, such as tumors, warts, and unwanted , cancerous, or infected tissue.
incision and drainage process of cutting through a lesion such as an abscess and draining its contents.
skin graft surgical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to and injured site.
allograft (skin graft) transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person; also called a homograft.
autograft (skin graft) transplantation of healthy tissue from on site to another site in the same individual.
synthetic (skin graft) transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern.
xenograft (skin graft) transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor (usually a pig) and transferred to a human; also called a heterograft.
Created by: irismv