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Medical Term Ch 5

Integumentary System - Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms

abscess localized collection of pus at the site of an infection
acne inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristic lesions that include blackheads (comedos) inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules and cysts; usually associated with seborrhea, also called acne vulgaris
alopecia partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, and endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication or a skin disease; commonly known as baldness.
bowen disease form of intraepidermal carcinoma (squamous cell) characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis; also call bowen precancerous dermatosis
cellulitis diffuse (widespread) acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
chloasma pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in yellowish brown patches or spots
comedo typical small skin lesion of acne vulgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin.
dermatomycosis infection of the skin caused by fungi
ecchymosis skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise.
eczema chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs, and possibly, icthing.
eschar damaged tissue following a severe burn.
impetigo bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture.
keratosis thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin. (such as a callus or wart)
lentigo small brown macules, especially on the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged or older person.
pallor unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin.
pediculosis infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear.
petechia minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin.
pressure ulcer skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues, usually in bedridden patients; also know as decbitus ulcer
pruritus intense itching
psoriasis chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, silvery, adherent scales caused by excessive development of he basal layer of the epidermis.
purpura any of several bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particularly beneath the skin or mucous membranes, producing ecchymoses or petechiae.
scabies contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact.
tinea fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm.
urticaria allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives.
verruca epidermal growth caused by a virus; also known as warts. Types include plantar warts, juvenile warts, and venereal warts.
vitiligo localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches.
Created by: irismv