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skeletal/orthopedic vocab

abduction to take away from; away from midline
adduction to move toward midline
articular cartilage thin layer cartilage surrounding bone in the joint space
articulation any joint
bursa a padlike sac/cavity found in connective tissue near the joint; promotes smooth sliding of 1 against another
cancellous bone spongy porous tissue in the inner part of bone
condyle knuckle-like process at end of a joint
diaphysis the shaft or mid-portion of a long bone
epiphysis each end of long bone area beyond the epiphysis plate
ligament strong band of fibrous connective tissue connecting the articular ends of bones to bone together and to facilitate or limit motion
osteoblast bone cell that helps form bony tissue
compact bone hard,dense bone tissue, usually found around the outer portion of bones
cranial bones skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, temporal
epiphyseal plate cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton
facial bones bones of the face: lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, zygomatic
fissure narrow, slit-like opening in/between bones
fontanelle soft spot between the skull bones in infants
foramen opening/passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and exit
fossa shallow cavity in a bone
haversian canals minute spaces filled w/blood vessels; found in compact bones
malleolus round process on both sides of the ankle joint.
manubrium upper portion of the sternum where it articulates w/medial aspect of clavical
medullary cavity central,hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone
metaphysis flared portion of a long bone, between the diaphysis & the epiphyseal plate
olecranon large process of the proximal end of the ulna; the point of the flexed elbow
ossification process of bone formation
periosteum membrane surrounding bones; rich in blood vessels & nerve tissue
red bone marrow found in the cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis
sella turcica depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located
sinus hollow air cavity w/in a bone
suture joint between bones
trochanter large process at the neck of the femur; attachment site for muscles/tendons
tubercle rounded, small process on bone; attachment site for muscles/tendons
tuberosity rounded process on bone; attachment site for muscles/tendons
xiphoid process lower, narrow portion of sternum
yellow bone marrow fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long bones
tendon connective tissue that binds muscles to bones
extension increasing the angle between 2 bones; straightening of a flexed limb
flexion decreasing angle between 2 bones; bending limb
pronation turning the palm backward & down
rotation circular movement around a central point
supination turning the palm forward up
Created by: clmcnees