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Mesopotamia Review

Ancient Civilizations of the Middle East

What is the fertile crescent? A large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea and Egypt
What does Mesopotamia mean? Land between two rivers (Tigris and Euphrates)
What is silt? fine particles of fertile soil
What is irrigation? Supplying land with water through a network of canals
What is cuneiform? A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.
What is polytheism? Belief in many gods
What is agriculture? farming
What is a city-state? a city and surrounding land with its own government not controlled by any other government
What is a standing army? a permanent army of professional soldiers
What is a ziggurat? A pyramid shaped temple tower built in the center of the city-state dedicated to a Mesopotamian God
What is cultural diffusion? The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
What are the 7 characteristics of civilization? stable food supply, belief system, technology, government, developed culture, social structures, and writing system
What technology led to people settling down in communities to form civilizations? farming/agriculture
What 2 inventions are credited with giving people the ability to farm and grow a surplus of food? plow and irrigation
What are 3 reasons Mesopotamia was the perfect place to settle down and form a civilization? central location with access to trade routes, rich fertile soil from rivers nearby, and natural protection from invaders like deserts and mountains.
Why was it necessary to have a writing system? for record keeping (keeping track of purchases and written down laws)
Where was Sumer located? In Iraq in Southern Mesopotamia
Where was Assyria located? In Iraq in Northern Mesopotamia
Where was Babylonia located Central Mesopotamia
Where was Phoenicia located In Lebanon, Syria, Israel on the Mediterranean coast
The plow was an achievement of which civilization? Sumer
The Iron weapons were an achievement of which civilization? Assyria
The purple dye was an achievement of which civilization? Phoenicia
The 1st set of laws was an achievement of which civilization? Babylonia
The lunar calendar was an achievement of which civilization? Sumer
The alphabet was an achievement of which civilization? Phoenicia
The Hanging Gardens were an achievement of which civilization? Babylonia
The 1st Library was an achievement of which civilization? Assyria
The Tower of Babel was an achievement of which civilization? Babylonia
The cuneiform was an achievement of which civilization? Sumer
The standing army was an achievement of which civilization? Assyria
Rank the division of labor (social structure) in Mesopotamia for the following jobs.... slaves/POWs, king, Priests/Govt officials, merchants/artisans, farmers King, Priests/Govt officials, merchants/artisans, farmers, slaves/POWs
What is an empire? a large group of city-states under the control on one ruler
Cuneiform was an achievement of which civilization? Sumer
Created by: kmcvay
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