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1945A World history

Final Exam study

QuestionAnswer
Plato's ideal form of government? He stated his philosophy in his work The Republic. Believed that individuals should live in a just and rational state
Rome's first code of law The Twelve (12) Tables. It explained the duties and rights of all Roman citizens
What are some major differences between the Greco-Roman and Jewish and Christian traditions? They believed only one God ruled the universe(monotheistic). Greco-Roman faiths were Polytheistic/Polytheism: accepts the existence of other gods, and Henotheistic/Henotheism: they protect different geographical areas
How did the Classical Greeks think about the individual? It is central to Western political thought today They believed that dignity, achievement,worth were important to an individual
A cornerstone of our government today is based upon some political ideas that came from Montesquieu. What are they? Checks and Balances
Rousseau wanted society to e governed by what? Everyone(The people) argued for the origin of the state as social contract theory
One of the accomplishments of the French Revolution was a document that was based upon the Declaration of Independence? What document? Rights of man and the Citizen
The thinking behind the Enlightenment Era and how the people should be governed. Humans are guided by natural laws through reason and thought. They learn about their natural laws and create bodies that govern the people based on them
What provisions were contained in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen? End tax exemptions, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press
What reforms did Napoleon introduce to France? Napoleonic code, public schools system, and the construction of new transportation ; canals and roads
Philosophies of John Locke? Humans have natural rights
What Enlightenment philosopher published Two Treatises of Government, in which he detailed his beliefs regarding natural rights,including the right to life, liberty and property? John Locke
What was Glorious Revolution about? William of Orange invaded England which over threw James II with almost no bloodshed
Why is the Magna Carta significant in the history of democratic ideas? It strengthened the idea that a monarch's power was limited and not absolute
What factors contributed to the rise of the Industrial Revolution in England Britain? Large labor force, improved food supplies, and money supply
The Textile industry met its last major challenge to full mechanization with the development of what? Improvement of the steam engine
The Industrial Revolution created new jobs for what? Coal mining, Factory production Railroad construction
Nationalism v. Patriotism define and compare each term Nationalism-What is right for the country. Blind arrogance,Extensive pride no matter the cost Patriotism: What is right for the people. Creates a feeling of responsibility and sense of pride in ones country
What social change was brought about by the Industrial Revolution? Emergence of the middle and working class
What was the objective of the Roman artists? To stir up emotions
How long did the Enlightenment Period last? It lasted 150 years
Mohandas Gandhi Political campaigner for Indian Rights. Set up a nonviolent movement to help force the British into helping the poor and to grant India its independence
What did a growing Indian distrust of the British lead to? The first War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny called by the British
Democracy Government ruled by the people. They have the right to openly discuss issues and vote in assembly
Enlightenment view of women They were considered to have natural rights to home and family
The Declaration of Independence state that government should protect natural rights that were stated in what document The Bill of Rights
How did the US Constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers? They created a government based on a social contract
How did France's revolutionaries follow the examples set by leaders of the American Revolution? Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
What did they write? Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
Napoleonic Code and the Enlightenment principles Guaranteed the equality of all citizens before the law
What is a direct result of the discovery that germs cause disease? Improvement in sanitation
What had the greatest impact on the improvement of working conditions in the 1800s? Labor Unions
What contributed to German's growth as an industrial power under Bismarck? coal reserves and substantial iron
Most of the growth of nationalism in the Balkans? Decline of the Ottoman Empire
What had great power in the Third Republic in France The voter elected Chamber of Deputies had great power
Why were the British able to conquer India's vast territory? Britain had exploited its diversity
What did Japan gain control over which aided in it becoming an imperialist power? Korea
Which system of law appeared first? The Code of Hammurabi
Aristotle Greek philosopher that was interested in analyzing and classifying things as they are based on observation and investigation
Why did Christianity first begin to spread quickly through the Roman Empire? Reports of Jesus being the Messiah and had overcome death
Why did King John not want to sign the Magna Carta? He abused his power and signing it would strengthen the idea that the monarch's power was limited
A cause of the French Revolution. Crisis in government finances
The most political form in classical Mediterranean world Representative Democracy
The disease that took many lives in the fourteenth century Bubonic Plague, The Black Plague
Middle Passage Voyage from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas
Which Enlightenment Thinker gave us the principle of " the ends will justify the means" approach to government? Niccolo Machiavelli
The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 Proclaimed by the US in order to keep European nations out of Latin America
Primary objective of the Declaration of Independence To free the colonies from allegiance to Britain
One effect of the French Revolution Nationalistic feeling were stimulated
Created by: tylorb
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