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Unit 4 Vocab Part 2

AP HuG

QuestionAnswer
Political Boundaries An imaginary line separating one political unit from another.
Relic Political Borders Border that no longer exists, but has left some imprint on the local cultural or environmental geography.
Superimposed Political Borders Border that is drawn over existing and accepted borders by an outside force.
Subsequent Political Borders Borders that are drawn in areas that have been settled by people, typically due to changes that have occured over time.
Antecedent Political Borders Borders that are established before there has been major settlement by people in a territory.
Geometric Political Borders Borders that are established on straight lines of latitude and longitude instead of physical or cultural boundaries.
Consequent Political Borders Type of subsequent boundary - takes into account the existing cultural distribution of the people living in the territory and redevelops boundary lines to more closely align with cultural boundaries.
International Boundary Geographic borders between sovereign states.
Internal Boundary Boundary within a state, for administrative purposes or to mark off cultural regions.
Defined Political Boundaries Countries legally define and agree to where borders are located through an agreement or treaty.
Delimited Political Boundaries Identifying the location of the defined boundaries on a map. Usually at the same time that boundaries are defined and done through a legal designation.
Demarcated Political Boundaries Visible marking of the landscape with objects, such as fences or signs.
Administered Political Boundaries Legal management of the border through laws, immigration regulation, documentation, and prosecution.
Demilitarized Zones An area in which treaties or agreements between nations, military powers or contending groups forbid military installations, activities or personnel.
Political Boundary An invisible line that marks the outer limits of a state's territory.
Maritime Boundary An invisible line that politically divides the Earth’s water surface.
UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) An international agreement that establishes a legal framework for all marine and maritime activities.
International Waters Water past 200 nautical miles belongs to no one! These are international waters.
Territorial Seas For up to 12 nautical miles (14 miles), a country may set laws regulating passage by ships registered in other countries. Basically an extension of your land.
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Between 24 and 200 nautical miles, a country has the sole right to fish and other marine life.
Voting District A geographic term used by state and local governments to organize elections. Drawn by state legislatures.
Redistricting State’s internal political boundaries that determine voting districts for the US House of Representatives and the state legislature. Redrawn to accurately reflect the new census data.
Gerrymandering Redistricting for a political advantage. When the political party that controls a majority of seats in the state legislature draws political district boundaries to maintain or extend their political power.
Federal State A style of government in which power is shared between central, regional, and local governments.
Unitary State A style of government in which the power is located centrally and the purpose of regional or local units is to carry out policy.
Created by: MelanieLeavitt
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