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Ch 10 KI 3 & 4

TermDefinition
Agribusiness Commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations
Cash Crop Crops grown in large amounts to be sold for profit
Commercial Gardening Type of commercial ag common in the SE USA which produces many fruits and vegetables
Crop Rotation The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year to avoid exhausting the soil
Dairying Type of commercial ag that produces milk products
Double Cropping Harvesting twice a year from the same field
Fallow Land that is left unfarmed to bring back fertility
Grain Farming Type of commercial ag that is heavily mechanized and produces grains for consumption by humans
Horticulture The growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers
Intensive Subsistence Agriculture (Wet Rice & Not Wet Rice Dominant) A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land
Mediterranean Farming Type of commercial ag that is dependent upon Mediterranean climate and produces products from crops and livestock
Milkshed The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied
Mixed Crop & Livestock Type of commercial ag which integrates crops and livestock by feeding most of the crops to livestock which supplies manure for crops.
Paddy The Malay word for wet rice, commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah
Pastoral Nomadism A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals
Pasture Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing
Plantation Type of subsistence ag where a large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country
Ranching Type of commercial ag in which livestock graze over an extensive area
Sawah A flooded field for growing rice
Shifting Cultivation A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each filed is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period
Slash and Burn Agriculture Another name for shifting cultivation so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris
Transhumance The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures
Truck Farming Used in commercial gardening and fruit farming which means bartering and exchange of commodities
Wet Rice Rice planted on dry land in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth
Aquaculture The cultivation of seafood under controlled conditions.
Desertification Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions such as excessive crop planting
Green Revolution Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers
Prime Agricultural Land The most productive farmland
Ridge Tillage A system of planting crops on ridge tops in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conservation
Sustainable Agriculture Farming methods that preserve long term productivity of land and minimize pollution typically by rotating soil restoring crops with cash crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides
Sustainable Agriculture Farming methods that preserve long term productivity of land and minimize pollution typically by rotating soil restoring crops with cash crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides
Created by: Mrs_Karim
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