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The skeletal system

Chapter 7

joint areas where one bone connects with one or more other bones
ligament connect bone to bone
tendon connects muscle to bone
bursa small fluid-filled sacs that allow one bone to move easily over another. The fluid prevent the bones from wearing out
cartilage a pad at the end of or between bones, act as a cushion, looks like white elastic
axial skeleton comprise of skull, vertebrae, rib cage, and sternum
appendicular skeleton upper and lower extremities and the shoulder and pelvic girdles
scoliosis S-shaped curving of the spine
Kyphosis hunchback or forward curving of the spine
osteoarthritis deterioration and abrasion of joint cartilage, with formation of new bone at the join surfaces
symptoms of osteoarthritis aching, stiffness, and limited motion
symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis inflammation, deformity, crippling. The joints become painful, stiff, swollen, red, and warm to the touch
sprain stretched or torn ligament or tendons
bursitis inflammation of the bursa
reduction setting the bone in a proper position so that it heals correctly
immobilized unable to move. It is done by external (cast, splints, traction) or internal (pin, plasters; nails, plates, screws)
traction exertion of pull by means of weights and pulleys
countertraction exertion of pull in the opposite direction.
log-rolling moving the resident as one unit. should be done with at least 2 people and a turn/lift sheet
Created by: Tiffastic