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Skeletal System

Vocabulary for the Skeletal System

Skeletal System Made of organs called bone
Diaphysis Long shaft of the bone
Epiphsis 2 extermities(ends) of the long bone
Medullary canal a cavity in the diaphysis filled with yellow marrow
Endosteum membrane that lines the medullary canal and keeps yellow marrow intact.
Red marrow found in certain bones(vertabrae, ribs, sternum, and cranium) produces red blood cells(erthrocytes), latellets(thrombocytes), abd white blood cells(leukocytes).
Periosteum contains blood vessels, lymph vesseles, and osteobvlasts. its nesscary for bone growth, repair, and nutrition.
Axil Skeleton forms the main trunk of the body and is composed of the skull, spinal colum, ribs, and breastbone.
Appendicular Skeleton forms the extermities and is composed of the shoulder girdle, arm bones, pelvic girdle, and leg bones.
Cranium spherical structure that surrounds and protects the brain. Made of 8 bones(frontal, 2 parietal, 2 temporal, occipital, ethmoid, and sphenoid.)
Fontanels(soft spots) allow for enlargemant of the skull as brain growth oocurs.
Sutures areas where the cranial bones have joined together.
Sinuses air spaces in the bones of the skull that act as resonating chambers for the voice.
Foramina openings in bones that allow nerves and blood vessels to enter or leave the bone.
Vertebrae 26 bones of the spinal cord and provide support for the head and trunk.
Ribs(costae) 12 pairs, attach to the thoracic vertebrae on the dorsal surface of the body.
Sternum(breast bone) the last bone of the axil skeleton. consists of 3 parts the manubrium(upper region), gladiolus(body), xiphod process(small piece of cartiledge at the bottom).
Clavicles 2 of each are found in the pectoral girdle.
Scapulas(shoulder bone) provide for attachment of the upper arm bones.
Humerus found in each arm.
Radius lower arm on thumbside
Ulna larger bone of lower arm.
Carpals wrist bones(8)
Metacarpals palm of the hand(5)
Phalanges fingers(14)
Ox Coxae 2 bones that form the pelvic girdle.
Femur thigh bone.
Patella kneecap
Tibia Medial bone of the lower leg.
Fibula bone of the lower leg.
Tarsals ankle bones.
Metatarsals instep of foot
Phalanges Toes
Joints areas where 2 or more bones join together
Ligaments hold long bones together at their joints.
AKA above-knee amputation
BKA below the knee amputation.
DJD degenerative joint disease.
Fx fracture.
LS lumbosacral
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
PROM passive range of motion.
RA rheumatoid arthritis.
RF rheumatoid factor.
ROM range of motion
THR total hip replacement
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
TMJ temporalmandibular joint
TX, Tx traction
Created by: SuDoku4lif