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Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Mesopotamia

TermDefinition
Fertile Crescent A region in the Middle East that stretches in a large crescent shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea
Mesopotamia a wide flat plain in present day Iraq
Irrigate to supply water to
city-state an independent state that includes a city and the surrounding territory
barter to trade
polytheism the belief in more than one god
ziggurats pyramid-shaped temples
cuneiform a system of writing using triangle shaped symbols to stand for ideas or things
empire a state containing several countries or territories
ally an independent state that works with other to achieve a goal
cultural trait an ideas or way of doing things that is common in a certain culture
Hammurabi's Code a set of laws that governed life in the Babylonian empire
rule of law the idea that everyone must obey the law
cavalry soldiers who fought on horseback
standing army a permanent army of professional soldiers
tribute payment made to show loyalty
currency money that is used for a medium of exchange
stele a carved stone slab or pillar that stands on end
import a good or service sold within the country that is produced or made in another country
exports a good or service produced within a country and sold outside of the country's borders
navigation the art of steering a ship from place to place
colony an areas ruled by a distant country
cultural diffusion the spreading of cultural traits from one region to another
alphabet a small set of letters or symbols, each of which stands for a single sound
Created by: amysizemore
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