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AP Human Geography

11&14: Development & Resource Issues

animate power power supplied by people or animals
inanimate power power generated from machines
biomass fuel wood, plant material, & animal waste
resource substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically & technologically feasible to access, & is socially acceptable to use
fossil fuel residue of plants and animals that were buried many years ago
renewable energy energy that can is replaced continually
nonrenewable energy energy that forms so slowly that for practical purposes it cannot be renewed
proven reserve amount of energy remaining in deposits that have been discovered
potential reserve energy in undiscovered deposits that are thought to exist
fission production of electricity from energy released by splitting uranium atoms in a controlled environment
radioactive waste product of all nuclear reactions
ferrous iron ore & other allows used in the production of iron & steel
nonferrous utilized to make products other than iron and steel (most abundant is aluminum)
pollution more waste is added than a resource can accommodate
air pollution concentration of trace substances at a greater level than occurs in average air
greenhouse effect anticipated increase in Earth's temperature, caused by carbon dioxide trapping some of the radiation emitted by the surface
ozone stratosphere above Earth's surface
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) pollutants used in refrigerators & air conditioners that break down Earth's layer of ozone gas
acid deposition tiny droplets of sulfuric acid & nitric acid form & return to Earth's surface
acid precipitation rain, snow, or fog
photochemcial smog formed from hydrocarbons & nitrogen oxides in the presence of sunlight
biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) constitued by the oxygen consumed by the decomposing organic waste
sanitary landfill most common strategy for disposal of solid waste
passive solar energy systems capture energy without special devices
active solar energy systems collect solar energy & convert it to heat energy/electricity
photovoltaic cells convert light energy into electrical energy
hydroelectric power energy of moving water used to generate electricity
geothermal energy energy from hot water or steam
fusion fusing of hydrogen atoms to form helium
recycling separation, collection, processing, marketing, and reuse of unwanted material
conservation sustainable use & management of natural resources such as wildlife, water, air, and Earth deposits to meet human needs
preservation maintenance of resources in their present condition, with as little human impact as possible
sustainable development development that meets the needs of the present w/o compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
biological diversity (biodiversity) variety of species across Earth as a whole or in a specific place
breeder reactor turns uranium into a renewable resource by generating plutonium
Created by: SophomoreStud08
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