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Haney c1-12 med term

Haney c1-12 med term study guide

QuestionAnswer
virus frequently transmitted by the fecal matter, poor hygiene, and contaminated water Hepatitis A
Virus frequently transmitted from the blood or body fluid of an infected individual Hepatitis B
virus transmitted through intravenour route in blood transfusions when needles are shared Hepatitis C
cant swallow aphagia
increased motility of the intestines wall resulting in abdominal pain and nausea, anorexia irritable bowel syndrome
part of the pharynx located above the soft plate nasopharynx
accumulation of carbon deposits in teh lungs due to breathing smoke anthracosis
black lung disease anthracosis
a lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles asbestosis
a complex sugarthat is the major carb stored in animals glycogen
liquid like material of a partially digested food and digestive secretions found in the stomach chyme
cluster of a hundred cells located at the junction of the superior vena cava and the right atruim sa node
located within the ineratrial septum aboce the junction of the atria and ventricles av node
minimum pressure within the ventricals diastolic pressure
maximum pressure within the ventricles systolic pressure
a polymorphonuclear granular leukocyte that stains easily with neutral dyes neutrophil
granulocytic white blood cell characterized by cytoplasmic granules that stain basophil
ab no antibodies
a anti- B antibody
b anti- A antibody
O both anti B and A antibodies
the clumping together of cells agglutination
high blood pressure hypertension
complications in pregnancy and kidney disease secondary hypertension
obesity, high sodium levels essential hypertentsion
severe headaches, confusion, stroke malignany hypertension
the use of a needle to collect pleural fluid fro lab analysis thoracentisis
inflammation of the pericardium Pericarditis
inflammation of the myocardium Myocarditis
inflammation of the membrane lining the valves and chambers of the heart Endocarditis
a localized dilation in the wall of an artery that continues to expand Aneurysm
characterized by fatty deposits building up within the inner layers of the walls of larger arteries Atherosclerosis
an arterial condition in which there is a thickening hardening loss of elasticity of the wall of arteries Arteriosclerosis
a surgical joining of two ducts, blood vessels Anastomisis
an assessment of RBC% in the total blood volume Hematocrit
the outermost of the three membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord Dura Mater
the innermost of the three chambers surrounding the brain and spinal cord Pia Mater
the watery fluid portion of the lymph and the blood Plasma
blue Cyan/o-
black Melan/o
beneath, below, under Infra
between inter
within intra
inflammation of joints polyarthritis
hpyoglycemia less than normal blood sugar
the middle of the three layers of the skin mesoderm
plasma proteins albumins
plasma proteins made in the liver globulins
nerves, regulate incoluntary essential body functions papasympathetic
nerves, regulate involuntary essential body functions sympathetic nerves
transmit nerve impulses away from the central nervous system efferent nerves
small neuroglical cells found in the intersitial tissue of the nerve system microglia
star shaped cell found in the central nervous system astrocytes
the space between the end of one nerve and the beginning of another nerve synapse
connecting neurons that conduct impulses from afferent nerves toward motor nerves interneurons
a protective sheath that covers the axons of many nerves in the body myelin sheath
suturing rrhapy
rupture rrhexis
oma tumor
surgical removal ectomy
enlargement magaly
paralysis of the lower extremeties paraplegia
strong fibrous bands of tissue the extends from a muscle attaching it to a bone tendons
connective tissue bands that join bone to bone offering support to the joint ligaments
absence of the brain and spinal cord at birth anecephaly
inflammation of the brain and spinal cord tissue largely caused by viruses enephalitis
thin sheets of fibous connective tissue that penetrate and covers the entire muscle fascia
the surgical creatin of a new opening stomy
incison into tomy
pain algia
palms upward/forward supination
palms downward pronation
attach to the bones of the skeleton skeletal muscles
are found in the wall of hollow organs and tubes such as the stomachm, intestines, and blood vessles smooth muscles
forms the walls of the heart cardiac muscle
the point of attachment of a muscle that it moves insertion
the point of attchment of a muscle to a bone that is less movable origin
pertaining to the tail caudal
left and right medsagittal
front and back frontal
up and down transverse
development failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue aplasia
a change in the structure and orientation of cells anaplasia
the end of a bone epiphysis
main shaft-like portin of a bone diaphysis
the thick, white fibrous membrane that covers the surface of a long bone periosteum
mature bone cells osteocytes
immature bone cells osteoblasts
lying facedown on the abdomen prone
lying faceup on the back supine
large cells that absorb or digest old boney tissue osteoclasts
an increase in the number of cells of a body part hyperplasia
incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue a, a decrease in the number of cells of a body part hypoplasia
any abnormal development of tissues or organs dysplasia
the new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignany neoplasia
hard, fibrous protein found in hair, nails and the enamel of teeth keratin
black pigment, contributes to the color of the skin and helps filter uv light melanin
soft, very fine hair that covers teh body fo the developing fetus lanugo
partial or complete hair loss alopecia
common noninfectious disorder of the skin silvery white scales over a round raised reddened plaques producing pruitis psoriasis
contagious superficial skin infecting characterized by serous vesicles and pustles filled with bacteria impetigo
removal of debris to promote healing debridement
aspiration of fat though a suction connula or curette to alter the body liposuction
treatment that uses subfeezing temps to destroy the tissue cryosurgery
an injuryto the surface of the skin caused by turama excoriation
natual anticoagulant substance produced by the body tissues heparin
tears in skin laceration
the oily secretions fo the sebaceous glands sebum
circumscribed open sore or lesion of the skin accompanied by inflammation ulcer
Created by: caitee