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DukePASurgicalTerm5

SurgicalTerminology5

QuestionAnswer
Abdominoperineal resection- Removal of rectum
Amputation- Removal of a portion or all of the arm or leg, excision of other appendage such as uterine cervix.
Anastomosis- Surgical joining of two organs or surfaces such as blood vessels or intestine
Arthodesis- Surgical fusion of a joint
Arthrodesis, triple- Surgical fusion of three joints of ankle
Biopsy- Removal of tissue for diagnostic purposes
Bypass graft- Surgical creation of a diversion for the bloodstream by suturing a graft to blood vessel so that blood bypasses an obstructed or weakened portion of the vessel.
Cesarean section- Abdominal delivery of infant via incision in uterus
Cauterization, conization- Use of electric current to destroy or remove tissue
Circumcision- Excision of foreskin of penis
Closure of colostomy- Closure of opening previously made in colon to empty bowel content outside abdomen.
Circumcision- Excision of foreskin of penis
Closure of colostomy- Closure of opening previously made in colon to empty bowel content outside abdomen.
D&C or D&E (Dilation and curettage or evacuation)- Operation to dilate uterine cervix and scrape lining of uterus or empty contents or uterus
Decompression- Surgical relief of pressure, such as intracranial
Disarticulation- Amputation of an arm or leg at a joint
Enucleation- Removal of eyeball Episiotomy- Surgical incision into perineum to prevent tears during childbirth
Evisceration- Removal of viscera or internal organs, removal of contents of eyeball
Palliative operation- An operation done to relieve symptoms rather than cure
Pelvic exenteration- Radial removal of contents of pelvis
Portacaval shunt- Surgical creation of anastomosis between portal and caval veins
Skin graft- Transfer of skin from one site to another to improve function or appearance
Splenorenal shunt- Surgical creation of anastomosis between splenic and renal veins
T&A (Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy)- Excision of tonsils and adenoids
Vein ligation and stripping- Tying off and removing a major blood vessel for treatment of varicose veins.
Created by: alison.simpson