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Rubenstein 12


Basic Industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Business Services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses.
Central Business District The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Central Place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding areas.
Central Place Theory A theory that explains the distribution of services
City-state A sovereign state comprising a city and it’s immediate hinterland.
Clustered rural settlement A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Consumer services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual customers
Dispersed Rural Settlement A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Economic Base A community’s collection of basic industries.
Enclosure Movement The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th century.
Gravity Model The model that holds the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must t
Market Area The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services.
Nonbasic Industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
Personal Services The services that provide the well being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
Primate City The largest settlement in a country
Primate City Rule A pattern of settlements in a country
Producer Services Services that primarily help people conduct business.
Public Services Services offered by the government to provide security and protection services for citizens and businesses.
Range The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
rank-size rule A pattern of settlements in a country such that a nth largest settlement in 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Retail Services Services that provide goods for sale to consumers.
Service Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Settlement A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Threshold The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
Transportation and Information Services Services that diffuse and distribute services.
Created by: ronmarx
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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