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Ethnicity Vocab

Derived from Martha Sharma for a

QuestionAnswer
Acculturation The process of adopting cultural traits or social patterns of another group
Adaptive strategy A term used by anthropologist Yehudi Cohen to describe the economic organization of a society (foraging, horticulture, agriculture, pastoralism, or industrialism)
Assimilation The blending or fusing of minority groups into a dominant society
Barrio A chiefly Spanish-speaking community or neighborhood in a U.S. city
Chain migration The instance of a family migrating to a new country shortly after one family member settles there
Cultural adaptation Adjustment in cultural patterns to better suit an environment or situation, or to assimilate into a host culture
Cultural shatterbelt A politically unstable region where differing cultural elements come into contact and conflict
Ethnic cleansing The planned, deliberate removal of persons of a particular ethnic group from an area, by force or intimidation, in order to render that location ethnically homogenous
Ethnic conflict War between ethnic groups, often as a result of ethnic nationalism (may result in genocide)
Ethnic enclave A neighborhood, district, or suburb which retains some cultural distinction from a larger surrounding area (also, "Ethnic neighborhood")
Ethnic group A group of people who identify with each other based on a common religion, physical appearance, language, national origin, etc.
Ethnic homeland The percieved hearth of a particular ethnic group to which they have a long history and a deep cultural association with
Ethnic landscape The visible imprint of an ethnic group on a landscape
Ethnic neighborhood A neighborhood, district, or suburb which retains some cultural distinction from a larger, surrounding area (also, "Ethnic enclave)
Ethnicity A particular racial, national, or cultural group that shares of customs, beliefs, and language (or identity with such a group)
Ethnocentrism Regarding one's own ethnicity as being superior to others and judging other cultures from the perspective of your own
Ghetto A section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure
Plural society A society in which two or more ethnic groups occupy the same territory but maintain their separate cultural identities
Race A population categorized by various heritable characteristics, such as bone structure and skin color
Segregation The separation of people of different races or ethnic groups in schools, housing, or public facilities due to discrimination
Social distance The perceived distance between social strata, often amongst different socioeconomic or ethnic groups
Dowry death The deaths of young women who are murdered or driven to suicide by husbands or in-laws over failure to produce a sufficient dowry (common in South Asia)
Enfranchisement To endow with the rights of citizenship, especially the right to vote
Gender The condition of being female or male; sex
Gender gap A disproportionate difference, as in attitudes and voting preferences, between the sexes
Infanticide The act of intentionally killing an infant (esp. when committed by the child's mother)
Longevity gap A disproportionate difference in lifespan between populations (as in sexes, races, ethnic groups, etc.)
Maternal mortality rate The number of maternal deaths due to childbearing per 100,000 live births
Created by: studyaphg
 

 



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