Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Prenatal (GENC)

UAMS Prenatal Diagnosis for Genetic Counseling

Risk for Amniocentesis for pregnancy complication 1/300
Risk for PUBS for pregnancy complication 3-5%
Risk for CVS and Early Amniocentesis for pregnancy complication 1%
Rhogam administered 3 times and they are Time of Amniocentesis/CVS, 28 weeks and Delivery
IgM First responder antibodies - Rhogam destroys IgM
IgG Memory antibodies
Initital Office Visit (Prenatal Care) Medical history, Obstetrical history, Surgical history, Family history, Physical exam, Lab tests.
Symptoms of Pregnancy Amenorrhea, Nausea and vomiting, Breast tenderness, Bladder irritability and frequent urination, Linea nigra, Chloasma
Prenatal Care Maternal Assessment Current Medication, Alcohol, tobacco, over-the-counter medication, Pets, Physical abust, Nutrition, Environmental exposure
TORCH Toxoplasmosis / Toxoplasma gondii, Other infections, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus,Herpes simplex virus
Quad Screen AFP, HCG, UE3, Inhibin-A. 14(some) 15-22 weeks
When is CVS performed? 10-13.6 weeks.
When is NT performed? 11-13.6 weeks
When is Amniocentesis performed? 16-22 weeks
When is PUBS performed? No earlier than week 17.
Maternal history conditions predisposing to fetal demise Prior stillbirth, prior abruption
Maternal disease, which predispose to fetal demise Insulin dependent diabetes, Hypertension, Renal disease, Autoimmune disease - Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis.
OB complications, which predispose to fetal demise PROM, Preeclampsia, Post Date, Decreased fetal movement, Decrease amniotic fluid volume.
HELLP Hemolysis, Elevated liver enzymes, Lowered platelets.
Prenatal diagnosis is advantageous for who? The immediate family
Tay Sachs Eastern European Jewish descent
Sickle Cell Black descent
Thalassemia Mediterranean or Asian
Cystic Fibrosis Caucasian
First Trimester Ultrasound evaluates for: Heart Beat, Nuchal Translucency, and Gestational Age by CRL
First Trimester Serum Screen d
First Trimester Screening PAPP-A, hCG and Nuchal translucency
Combined First Trimester Screening hCG, PAPP-A, NT and Maternal Age
Integrated Testing 1st and 2nd trimester ultrasound and biochemistry. NT, PAPP-A, AFP, uE3, hCG and inhibin A.
Sequential Screening Combined 1st trimester screening and 2nd trimester Quad Screen.
Second trimester uses what 4 biochemical markers: AFP, uE3, hCG and DIA.
Non-Invasive Methods Biochemical Marker Screening, Ultrasound, MRI, Fetal Echocardiogram, Fetal cells in mother's blood.
Minimally Invasive CVS, Amnio
Moderately Invasive PUBS, Embryoscopy/Fetoscopy, Fetal skin/muscle Biopsy, PGD.
Soft Markers for DS Nasal Bone, Nuchal Fold, Pyelectasis, Clinodactyly, Sandal gap, Echogenic cardiac foci, Choroid plexus cyst, Flattened midface
Ashkenazi Jewish are high risk for: Tay Sachs, Gaucher, Canavan, Cystic fibrosis
African Americans are high risk for: Sickle cell, Hemoglobin C, Alpha-thalassemia, Beta-thalassemia.
AMA defined as: 35 years of age at the time of delivery.
Factors that affect AFP values Gestational Age, Number of Fetuses, Maternal Age, Maternal weight, Maternal Race, Insulin.
Causes of ELEVATED AFP Normal variant, Underestimation of gestational age, Multiple gestation, Overestimation of maternal weight, Poor placental function, ONTD, VWD, Renal anomalies, Oligo, Bleeding, IUFD, Skin disorders.
hCG levels for T21, T18, NT Up, Down, NC
uE3 levels for T21, T18, NT Down, Down, NC
DIA levels for T21, T18, NT High, NC, NC
MSAFP Elevated at: 3.0 MoM
Causes of low MSAFP Overestimation of dates, Underestimation of maternal weight, Normal variant, IUFD, Maternal diabetes, SGA, DS.
Fetal Echocardiogram used to: Identify cardiac defects, cardiac arrhythmias, situs inversus, cardiac tumors, cardiomyopathy.
Amniotic Fluid Cushions, allows for movement, Lung development, Digestive Development, Renal Development.
Infertility Physical, Chromosomal, Genetic, Autoimmune, Hormonal.
ICSI Intracytoplasmic sperm injection One sperm directly into egg.
PGD Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
Created by: btkosewski