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Ms. Smith Chp 7

DeBlij 8th edition Chp 7 Religion

QuestionAnswer
religion systems of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities
secularism the idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accomodate the prescription of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife.
monotheistic religion belief system in which one supreme being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe
polytheistic religion belief system in which multiple deities are revered as creators and arbiters of all that exists in the universe.
animistic religion the belief hat inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of the natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on Earth
universalizing religion a belief system that espouses the idea that there is one true religion that is universal in scope. Followers of theses religions will often go to great lengths to convert others to their faith.
ethnic religion a religion that is particular to one, culturally distinct, group of people.
Hinduism Does not have a single founder, a single theology, or agreement on its origin.
caste system a strict social segregation of people, especially in India's Hindu society.
Buddhism Founded in the 6th century BCE.Belief that enlightenment will come through self-knowledge.
Shintoism located in Japan and focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship.
Taoism Follows the teachings in "The Book of the Way" and focuses on the proper form of political rule and the "oneness" of humanity and nature.
Feng Shui The Chinese art and science of placement of orientation of tombs and dwellings in an effort to structure the flow energy in a positive way.
Confucianism a philosophy of ethics, education, and public service. Traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of Chinese culture.
Judaism The first monotheistic religion. It is said that the follwers of this religion have a covenant with God in which they agree to worship only one God and He agrees to protect them, His Chosen People.
diaspora to disperse; this describes the dispersal of a group of people across a wide area of land.
Zionism a movement to re-unite the Jewish people in their biblical homeland, Israel.
Christianity based on the teachings of Jesus.
Eastern Orthodox Church One of the three major branches of Christianity, it arose over the division of the Roman Empire and is based in Constantinople, Turkey.
Roman Catholic Church One of the three major branches of Christianity, it arose over the division of the Roman Empire and is based in Rome, Italy.
Protestant One of the 3 major branches of Christianity; it arose because many Catholics began to doubt and challenge many of the fundamental teachings of the Catholic Church.
Islam The youngest of the world's major religions, it is based on the teachings of Muhammad.
Sunni Adherents to the largest branch of Islam, called the orthodox or traditionalist. They believe in the effectiveness of family and community in the solution of life's problems.
Shi'ite This branch represents the Persian (Iranian)variation of Islam and believes in the infallibility and divine right to authority of the Imams, descendents of Ali.
Shamanism community faith in traditional societies in which people follow their shaman - a religious leader, teacher, healer, and visionary.
pilgrimage voluntary travel by an adherent to a sacred site to pay respects or participate in a ritual at the site.
sacred sites place or space people infuse with religious meaning.
minarets tower attached to a Muslim mosque, having one or more projecting balconies from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer.
hajj the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the birthplace of Muhammed.
interfaith boundaries boundaries BETWEEN the world's major faiths
intrafaith boundaries boundaries WITHIN a single major faith
genocide the systematic killing or extermination of an entire people or nation.
religious fundamentalism religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy
religious extremism religious fundamentalism carried to the point of violence
shari'a laws this judicial system is based on varying degrees of interpretation of the Qu'ran instead of most Western judicial systems which are based on secularism.
jihad this represents either a personal struggle within oneself or a collective struggle against an enemy, both of which represent a Muslims efforts to live up to the religious standards set by the Qu'ran.
Created by: smithho