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CMT Chapter 1.1

Comprehensive Medical Terminology Fifth Edition Word Parts & Rules

Question/TermAnswer/Definition
word root basic foundation of a word
combining form word root + combining vowel
combining vowel usually o but sometimes i
Can a word end with the word root? No a suffix must be added, unless the root is a word itself.
Can a word end with the combining form? No a suffix must be added.
What is the combining form rule? A combining vowel is needed between roots even when the root starts with a vowel. (There are exceptions.)
suffix word ending
What is the suffix rule? A combining vowel is only needed if the suffix begins with a consonant.
prefix word beginning
Do all medical words have a prefix? No
Do all medical words have a suffix? Yes unless the root is a word itself.
compound word a word with multiple roots
What is the compound word rule? A combining vowel is needed to connect the roots, usually even when the following root starts with a vowel.
What order is used to define a word? Suffix first, prefix second (if one), lastly root(s) in the order they are studied in the body.
words beginning with "f" pronounced as f
words beginning with "ph" pronounced as f
words beginning with "j" pronounced as j
words beginning with "ge" pronounced as j
words beginning with "gi" pronounced as j
words beginning with "gy" pronounced as j
words beginning with "k" pronounced as k
words beginning with "ch" pronounced as k
words beginning with "qu" pronounced as k
words beginning with "n" pronounced as n
words beginning with "pn" pronounced as n
words beginning with "kn" pronounced as n
words beginning with "s" pronounced as s
words beginning with "ps" pronounced as s
words beginning with "sk" pronounced as sk
words beginning with "sc" pronounced as sk
words beginning with "sch" pronounced as sk
words beginning with "z" pronounced as z
words beginning with "x" pronounced as z
words beginning with "ce" pronounced as ss (soft c)
words beginning with "ci" pronounced as ss (soft c)
words beginning with "cy" pronounced as ss (soft c)
words beginning with "ca" pronounced as k (hard c)
words beginning with "co" pronounced as k (hard c)
words beginning with "cu" pronounced as k (hard c)
words beginning with "c" followed by a consonant pronounced as k (hard c)
word root ends with "ga" pronounced as guh (hard g)
word root ends with "go" pronounced as guh (hard g)
When a word begins with the letter c, the rule is as follows: If the c is followed by e, i, or y, the c is pronounced as soft “c” and has an “s” sound.
When a word begins with the letter c, the rule is as follows: If the c is followed by a, o, u, or a consonant, the c is pronounced as hard “c” and has a “k” sound.
word element ends with "ge" pronounced as j (soft g)
word element ends with "gi" pronounced as j (soft g)
When word elements "end in -g" the rule is as follows: If the g is followed by e or i, the g is pronounced as a soft “g” and has a “j” sound.
When word elements "end in -g" the rule is as follows: If the g is followed by a or o, the g is pronounced as a hard “g” and has a “guh” sound.
eponym name for a disease, organ, procedure, or body function that is derived from the name of a person
possessive form ex: Hodgkin’s vs Hodgkin use preference of employer/client
Created by: mariana45212
 

 



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