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Agriculture Vocab

Words from learning objective 5.1-5.4

agriculture The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth's surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain.
land-use patterns Exploitation of land for agricultural, industrial, residential, recreational, or other purposes.
intensive farming farming that requires a lot of labor to produce food
Mediterranean Farming Southern Europe, Southern California, Southern Africa -Grows olives, grapes, fruits, vegetables -Commercial -Extensive
Market gardening The small scale production of fruits, vegetables, and flowers as cash crops sold directly to local consumers.
Plantation agriculture Growing specialized crops such as bananas, coffee, and cacao in tropical developing countries, primarily for sale to developed countries.
mixed crop and livestock farming Commercial farming characterized by integration of crops and livestock; most of the crops are fed to animals rather than consumed directly by humans.
extensive farming practices an agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers, and capital, relative to the land area being farmed.
shifting cultivation A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period. Usually in a tropical climate
nomadic herding/pastoralism migratory but controlled movement of livestock solely dependent on natural forage
ranching A form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area.
milk shed The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied.
feed lots confined spaces in which cattle and hogs have limited movement
double cropping Harvesting twice a year from the same field.
settlement patterns the spatial distribution of where humans inhabit the Earth
rural settlement patterns farms, villages, or towns that have any of the following patterns- dispersed, clustered, or linear
metes and bounds A method of land description which involves identifying distances and directions and makes use of both the physical boundaries and measurements of the land.
township and range rigid grid-like pattern used to facilitate the dispersal of settlers evenly across farmlands
long-lot survey system divided land into narrow parcels stretching back from rivers, roads, or canals
Greenbelt A ring of land maintained as parks, agricultural, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area
fallow plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow; land left unseeded; to plow but not seed
Enclosure Acts a series of United Kingdom Acts of Parliament which enclosed open fields and common land in the country, creating legal property rights to land that was previously considered common.
animal domestication When animals are tamed and used for food and profit.
Fertile Crescent A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Columbian Exchange The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
First Agricultural Revolution Dating back 10,000 years, the First Agricultural Revolution achieved plant domestication and animal domestication. Move from hunters and gatherers to farming
Second Agricultural Revolution dovetailing with and benefiting from the Industrial Revolution, the Second Agricultural Revolution witnessed improved methods of cultivation, harvesting, and storage of farm products.
Created by: Ajsteele
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