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med classifications

medicine classifications

TermDefinition
analgesic relieves pain ex: acetaminophen, hydrocodone
antacids/anti-ulcer neutralize stomach acid ex: esomeprazole, calcium carbonate, Prilosec
antibiotics kills bacteria ex: amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin
anticholinergics reduce bronchospasm ex: ipratropium, dicyclomine
anticoagulants delay blood clotting ex: warfarin, enoxaparin, heparin
anticonvulsants prevent or control seizures ex: clonazepam, phenytoin, gabapentin
antidepressants relieve depression ex: doxepin, fluoxetine, duloxetine, selegiline
antidiarrheal reduce diarrhea ex: bismuth subsalicylate, loperamide
antiemetics reduce nausea, vomiting ex: metoclopramide, ondansetron
antifungals kill fungi ex: fluconazole, nystatin, miconazole
antihistamines relieve allergies ex: diphenhydramine, cetirizine, loratadine
antihypertensive lower blood pressure ex: metoprolol, lisinopril, valsartan, losartan, clonidine
anti-inflammatories reduce inflammation ex: ibuprofen, celecoxib, naproxen
antilipemic lower cholesterol ex: atorvastatin, fenofibrate
antimigraine agents relieve migraine headaches ex: topiramate, sumatriptan
anti-osteoporosis agents improve bone density ex: alendronate, ibandronate, calcitonin
antipsychotics control psychotic symptoms ex: quetiapine, haloperidol, risperidone
antipyretics reduce fever ex: acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin
antispasmodics/muscle relaxants reduce or prevent muscle spasms ex: cyclobenzaprine, methocarbamol
antitussives/expectorants control cough, promote elimination of mucus ex: dextromethorphan, codeine, guaifenesin
antivirals kills viruses ex: acyclovir, interferon, oseltamivir
anxiolytics (antianxiety) reduces anxiety clonazepam, diazepam, lorazepam
bronchodilators relax airway muscles ex: albuterol, isoproterenol, theophylline
central nervous system stimulants reduce hyperactivity ex: methylphenidate, modafinil
contraceptives prevent pregnancy ex: medroxyprogesterone acetate, ethinyl estradiol
decongestants relieve nasal congestion ex: pseudoephedrine, momestasone
diuretics eliminate excess fluid ex: furosemide. hydrochlorothiazide
hormone replacement stabilize hormone deficiencies ex: levothyroxine, insulin, desmopressin, estrogen
laxatives, stool softeners promote bowel movements ex: magnesium hydroxide, biacodyl
oral hypoglycemic reduce blood glucose ex: metformin, acarbose, glyburide
sedative-hypnotics induce sleep/relaxation ex: zolpidem, temazepam, eszopiclone
Created by: elshalance
 

 



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