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Political Geography


International boundary A line that separates one state from another. Both sides usually have claims as to where the boundary should be located and it is rare to find an unattended boundary between two sovereign states.
Internal boundary Types of boundary within a state, for administrative purposes or to mark off cultural regions
Defined boundary Boundary is created in agreement between two parties in a treaty or other legal document
Delimited boundary is a line drawn on a map to show the limits of a space
Demarcated boundary A boundary demarcated (MARKED) by some visible means on the ground. Ex. Wall, post, fence
Demilitarized zone A zone from which military forces or operations or installations are prohibited
Maritime boundaries boundaries in the world's ocean
United Nations Convention of the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS) a list of rules and regulation created by the UN in regards to which state owns the land in the sea and how far that land extends into the ocean or sea
International waters The areas of the sea that are not under the jurisdiction of any country
Voting district generic term adopted by the Bureau of the Census to include the wide variety of small polling areas, such as elections districts, precincts, or wards, that state and local governments create for the purpose of administering elections.
Redistricting The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines after the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population.
Gerrymandering The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
Federal state An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government
Unitary state An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Ethnic separatism When an ethnic group desires to separate from a larger group
Relic boundary Former boundary that no longer exists
Superimposed boundary A boundary drawn by outside powers. These boundaries tend to ignore existing social, cultural or ethnic differences.
Antecedent boundary Drawn before many people live in an area and have established a culture. Usually based on latitude and longitude.
Geometric Boundary Boundary that follows straight lines often latitude or longitude
Subsequent boundary Boundaries drawn where people have already settled with cultures already established. This is the opposite of antecedent.
Consequent boundary A boundary line that coincides with some cultural divide, such as religion or language
Created by: Ajsteele
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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