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|The style that most cathedrals were built in; T
|John Calvin 1530 switzerlandBeliefs: Rejected The Pope;Outlawed Drinking gamblking ect.; Attendence at Church was required; Mass was rejected; Minster could be married; Bible Supreme Authority;Predestination
|1307-1377 center of the Christan Church moved to Avignon, France ; Underneath the rule of the French King
|1509-1564 French Protestant Leader you formed his own religion after breaking away from Protestant/Luteran
|Catherine of Siena
|Convicned the Pope to come back to Rome; First Female Doctor of the Church
|1514-1572 drove the Catholic Monarch and set up the Presbyterian Church of Scottland; Brought the Reformed Religion to Scottland
|to seek a better change
|Priest and Monk;Saw Abuses in the Church; German and UptightWrote the 95 theses and posted the on the Church Door in Wittenburg
|a world wide conciel
|Posted by Martin Luther; 95 agurement against the Church's Abuses
|Started a new Religon called Anabaptist because he did not believe in baptism (now what is omish today)
|The Belief that God already deciedes who is going to Heaven and Hell ~Calvinist Belief
|The Re-Birth of Eroupe
|King that worte the book Defense of the 7 sacraments; Pope crowned him The Defender of the Faith
|begging; living a life of poverty
|wanted religious education; deeply toublved by the ignorance and corruption they saw within the church
|King HenryVIII 1540s EnglandBeliefs: Reject pope; Rejec t Presence of Christ in Communion; Replaced Mass with English service;All scaramewnt remanied;priests were allowed to be marries
|An Order of Monks; Started by Fransic of Assisi
|MArtin Luther 1517 GermanyBeliefs: Salavtion was though Jesus alone; Priests were married; Relpaced mass with Communion services;Active Particaption; No religious orders;Eucharist and Baptism; No Pope
|Order of Monks; Known as the Order of Preachers
|Dutch Priest; Scolar; published New Testament in Latin and Greek
|prayers and tasks that shortened peanances
|a monk who worked out of a monastary; lived a life of poverty
|Bishop; Martyr; Humanist
|A woman who was a nun in India; insisted that she worked outside of the monastry; started her own order of nuns The Missonaries of Charity
|order of nuns started by Clare Of Assisi; Female verison of the Fransicans
|Pope John Paul II ( Karol Wojtyla)
|Became Pope at age 58; Longest regin as Pope; Started Youth Ministry; Befreind and Apoligized to the Jewish People
|Type of Monastic Life; were strict; focused on work study and prayer very little idle time
|emporor that stopped the persucution of Christians; Signed the Edict og Milan
|Heries: everything physical or matieral was evil; denied Jesus was human; claimed to have special knowleadgeChuch Counicel: Charlcedon451 "Jesus is both Human and Divine
|Church Thinker; Wrote the Summa Theologica
|Edict of Milan
|Papers that offical ended the Persuction of Christians
|was a non-believer~converted~one of the best Theologians of the Church
|written by Thomas Aquinas- Stated that Reason and Faith can be on the same side
|Huldrych Zwingli 1520 Switerland Beliefs: Chirst wasnt present in the Eucharist; Rejected Veneration of Saints;Rejected infant baptism; Only adult baptism; Rejected all Sacaraments;No Pope
|Translated the Bible into Latin
|The Garbage dump were mother Teresa did her work
|coverted scottland 500s
|converted Germany/Scandinavia 600s 700s
|The night before this battle Constatine saw a Chi Rio in the Sky and heard a voice say "In this Sign You Will Win"; Effect: Stopped Persuctuion
|3persons in 1God
|Brought the Catholic Religion to Ireland (5th century)
|spreaad of Christianity to Non-Jews~ 3missonary journeys~50AD council of Jerusalem-if the converts had to become Jewish before becoming Christian
|Acts of the Apostles
|Tells about the days of the Early Church
|--In Charge of the Diocese --Ordains Priests --Assigns Priest to Parishes and other Ministries as needed --sets up religious policly --Decides to open/close a school/parish --Leadership/Teaching role in his diocese --can minster all Sacraments
|wars fought over the Holy Lands
|The school for priests where they went to learn priestly things
|Started the Benedictiene Monastries
|Heries- The world was about to end;denied the forgivness of sins and need for matieral goodsSolved-no church conicuel needed
|Heries-Denied the divinty of Jesus and of the Holy SpiritSolved-Nicea 325/Constantinople 381-Jesus and The Holy Spirit are one with God
|Heries-Belived that Jesus wa 2 persons ; said that Mary was the Mother of Jesus , not "God"Solved-Ephesus 431 " Mary isthe Mother of God ; Jesus is one person with 2 natures"
|An area if land that contains parishes within it
|a community that worships at and belongs to a particular church
|the scarement where a man becomes a priest
|Statement of Beliefs written during the Council of Nicaea and ConstantinopleSee Packet
|What were the Things that Monasteries did for socity?
|1.shelter for travlers 2.hospital services for the ill 3.medicines from their herb garden 4. Mass and Scaraments 5.Copied acinet books 6.Orphanages for children 7.school for boys
|What was the Benedictine Rule?
|1. Abbot/father 2.Labor would be changed on a regular basis by certian "offices" 3.Certian times for praying,rising,eating,working,talking ect. 4.all work would have a purpose
|What did St.Paul do to spred the Good Word?
|He spread the word of God to gentiles
|What did the Franiscans do?
|order of monks that lived and worked with the poverty and lived a life of poverty; Started by Fransic of Assisi
|What did the Dominicans do?
|Order of Preachers
|What did the Benedictines do?
|Copied Books; Took over when rome fell
|What did the Poor Clares do?
|order of nuns that worked and lived in poverty; started by Clare of Assisi
|Describe the Avignon Papacy?
|Corput; many Popes; Decrease in Faith
|Why was the Avigon Papacy a problem?
|There was many men claiming to be Pope all at the same time
|What were the Causes for the Fall of Rome?
|1 Got to big 2. Got too Corrupt 3. Got to military 4. Tribal People were brought into the empire 5.Violent
|What were the Results?
|1. Church became leaders 2. Church took over goverment 3.people gathered in small comunities 4. Feudalism began 5. Rise od Monastic Life
|What is Pentecost?
|Decent of the Holy Spirit; Apostles are Stregthened;Apostles preach in jerusalem; Birthday of the Church
|Converted on the way to Damcus; Becomes strong Christian Follower + Changes name to Paul
|What was the Council of Jerusalem?
|Had to diecide weather or not to have non-jewish people become jewish first and then ChristianResult- No the did not need to become jewish first
|Why did the Romans persucut the Christians?
|1.Wouldnt Fight 2.Refused to pay Taxes to Pagans 3. Refused to worship Pagans 4.Thought to bring bad luck 5. thought to be Cannibals
|What did the Edict of Milan do?
|Stopped Persuction of All Christians
|What are the Renaissances?Characteristics?
|The Re-Birth of Europe-- Arts Sciences and Cathedrals
|See Church Fathers
|See Nicene Creed Packet