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Chapter 6 Vocabulary

Words and definitions for the 20 vocabulary words in Chapter 6.

TermDefinition
Language Related sounds and symbols that are used to communicate.
Mutual Intelligibility The ability of two people to understand each other while speaking. Is nearly impossible to measure.
Standard Language The language of which a country's political and intellectual power use as the norm for schools, government, media, and other aspects of the public
Dialect Variants of the same language, divided among regional or ethnic lines.
Dialect Chain A group of dialects where the dialects nearest to each other are the most similar and the farthest ones are the least similar.
Isogloss A geographic boundary where different linguistic features occur.
Language Family A group of languages which share the same distant origin language.
Language Subfamilies Divisions among the same language family in which the languages are more common with a more recent origin.
Cognate A word which has similar meaning, pronunciation, and origin between two or more languages.
Language Divergence Processes in which new languages are formed from a single language.
Backward Reconstruction Tracking sound shifts backwards to find out the original language.
Language Convergence When two languages collapse into one language.
Extinct Language A language which has lost all of its native speakers.
Conquest Theory Idea that Indo-European left their hearth, and moved west to diffuse their language.
Agriculture Theory The theory that the Indo-European language spread through the diffusion of agriculture.
Vernacular The language used in everyday life among people in a local area.
Lingua Franca The language used for trade and interaction between two different languages.
Pidgin Language A form of communication which develops between two or more groups which do not share a common language
Creole Language A language that was once a pidgin language but had developed into a mother language of a people.
Toponym The name of a place
Created by: Lucas Booher
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