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Chapter 4 Vocabulary

Words and definitions for the 29 vocabulary words in Chapter 4.

Culture Group of beliefs, norms, and values practiced by a group of people.
Folk Culture Small, homogenous population that is usually rural and retains cultural traits that are passed down from generation to generation
Popular Culture Cultural traits such as dress, diet, and music that identify and are part of today’s urban society. Changes very frequently.
Material Culture Physical aspects of culture; art, tools, buildings, and clothing that are made by a specific group of people.
Nonmaterial Culture Non-physical aspects of culture; beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values that are defined by a specific group of people.
Hierarchical Diffusion Spread of an idea or innovation from one person or place to another person or place based on the hierarchy of connectedness. Specific type of expansion diffusion.
Hearth Area or place where an idea, innovation, or technology comes from.
Customs Common practices or routine ways of doing things within a culture.
Assimilation When a minority group loses their distinct cultural traits, such as dress, food, or speech, and adopts the customs of a more dominant culture. Can happen voluntarily or by force.
Indigenous Local Cultures People who see themselves as a community and also identify as indigenous, or original, to a place.
Context The physical and human geography which creates the place, environment, and space in which events occur and people act.
Neolocalism A conscious effort to define a sense of place for local or regional culture.
Ethnic Neighborhoods A space within an urban area where a relatively large group of people from one ethnic group or local culture lives.
Gentrification Renewal or rebuilding of a lower income neighborhood into a middle- to upper-class neighborhood. This causes an increase in property values and rents and the dispossession of lower income residents.
Authenticity The idea that one place or experience is the true, actual one.
Distance Decay Decreasing likelihood of diffusion within a greater distance from the hearth.
Time-space Compression Increasing connectedness between world cities from improved communication and transportation networks.
Music Festival A concert event featuring multiple performers and additional entertainment which often lasts more than one day.
Hallyu (Hanryu) The South Korean waves of popular culture, especially in music, television, and movies.
Reterritorialization When a local culture takes an aspect of popular culture and makes their own trait out of it.
Stimulus Diffusion A form of diffusion where two cultural traits blend to create a distinct trait.
Relocation Diffusion Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them.
Cultural Landscape The visible human imprint left on the landscape.
Placelessness Loss of uniqueness of a location so that one place looks like the next.
Convergence of Cultural Landscapes Merging of cultural landscapes that happens with broad diffusion of landscape traits.
Urban Morphology The layout of a city; the sizes and shapes of buildings and the pathways of infrastructure.
Created by: Lucas Booher
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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