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Chapter 4

Culture Group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people
Folk culture Small, homogenous population that is typically rural and cohesive and cultural traits that are passed down from generations
Popular culture Culture traits such as dressed, diet, and music that identify and are part of today’s changeable, urban-based, media influenced, global society
Local culture People who see themselves as a collective or community, she experiences, customs, and treats, and work to preserve their treats and customs in a place
Material culture Physical aspects of culture, including art, tools, buildings, and clothing that are made by people
Nonmaterial culture Non-physical aspects of culture, including beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values that are defined by people
Hierarchal diffusion Spread of an idea innovation from one person or place to another based on a hierarchy of connectedness
Hearth Area replace or an idea, innovation, or technology originates
Customs Common practice routine way of doing things in a culture
Assimilation The minority group loses distinct cultural traits, such as dress, food, or speech, in adopt customs of the dominant culture. Can happen voluntarily or by force
Indigenous local cultures People who see themselves as a community and also identifies indigenous, original, to a place
Context The physical and human geography is creating the place, environment, and space in which events occur in people act
Neolocalism Conscious effort to define a sense of place for local or regional culture. Often used by local businesses, such as microbreweries, to identify local products with local or regional culture
Ethnic neighborhoods Area within an urban area where a relatively large group of people from one ethnic group or local culture lives
Gentrification Renewal rebuilding of a lower income neighborhood into a middle/ upper class neighborhood, which results in driving a property values in rents and the disposition of lower income residents
Cultural appropriation When one culture adopts customs knowledge from another culture and uses them for its own benefit
Commodification Transformation of goods and services into products that can be bought, sold, or traded
Authenticity The idea that one place or experience is the true, actual one
Distance decay Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth
Time-space compression Increase in connectedness between worlds cities from improve communication and transportation networks
Music festival Concert event featuring multiple performers in additional entertainment it up and lasts more than one day
Hallyu (Hanryu) South Korean waves of popular culture, especially music, television, and movies
Reterritorialization When a local culture shapes and aspect of popular culture as their own, adopting a popular culture to their local culture
Stimulus diffusion A process of diffusion where to cultural traits blend create one distinct trait
Relocation diffusion Spiderman idea innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea of renovation with them
Cultural landscape The visible human imprint on the landscape
Placelessness Loss of uniqueness of a location so that one place looks like the next
Convergence of cultural landscapes Merging of cultural landscapes that happens with broad diffusion of landscape traits
Urban morphology Layout of a city, including the sizes and shapes of buildings and the pathways of infrastructure
Created by: RomyConn
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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