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LaSOM - Holy Spirit

LaSOM - The Holy Spirit Study Guide Updated

QuestionAnswerAnswer 2
1. Give the reasons why there is confusion in the minds of some concerning the personhood of the Holy Spirit. a) In Scripture the Spirit is the least mentioned member of the Godhead. b) The word “spirit” suggests absence of personhood. c) Biblical languages lead to misunderstanding due to linguistic limitations. d) Inadequate translations of the Bible. e) The Spirit is associated in Scripture with power. f) Figures of speech used in Scripture may imply the idea of inanimate or impersonal objects.
2. What Biblical proofs are given of the Spirit’s personhood? a) He possesses personal attributes, which are associated with the mind, the will, and the emotions. b) He performs personal acts. c) He may be personally offended. d) Jesus called Him the Paraclete (Comforter, Helper, Counselor, Advocate). e) Masculine pronouns are used by Jesus for the Holy Spirit
3. Explain the meaning of blaspheming the Holy Spirit. Bible scholars disagree on the precise nature of this sin, but at least two points are quite clear: a) knowingly and persistently attributing to Satan what is obviously the work of the Holy Spirit. b) rejecting Jesus Christ as God’s chosen and anointed One for deliverance of humankind.
4. What scriptural evidences are given for the deity of the Holy Spirit? a)He is mentioned coordinately with the Father and the Son. (Matt. 28:19) - Jesus commanded the disciples to baptize “in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”. b) He is clearly distinguished from the Father and Son. (Isa. 48:16 c) He has divine attributes (Eternality- Heb. 9:14, Omnipotence- Rom. 15:19, Omnipresence- Ps. 139:7, Omniscience- 1 Cor. 2:10-11, Absolute Holiness- Rom. 1:4) d) He performs the works of diety. e) He is expressly called God. (Acts 5:1-11)
5. Is it proper to offer prayer and praise to the Holy Spirit? There is no clear indication in Scripture that He may be addressed in prayer or worship. Prayer is normally addressed to the Father through Jesus our Mediator; it is done in or by the Holy Spirit. However, since there is no clear example in Scripture of prayer or praise addressed to the Spirit, there is also nothing in Scripture which prohibits it.
6. In what two important ways does the New Testament differ from the Old Testament concerning the Holy Spirit’s activity among God’s people? a) In the Old Testament, the Spirit of God was experienced by only a select few. It is not until after the Day of Pentecost that He becomes the possession of all believers. b) He was not the permanent possession of the Old Testament leaders. He acted upon them only when there was a specific work to do. In the New Testament, He is the permanent possession of all believers. (Rom. 8:9,14-16).
7. In the Old Testament, what was the most frequent result of the Spirit coming upon individuals and groups? Prophecy was the most frequent result of the Spirit coming upon individuals and groups.
8. What main ideas about the Holy Spirit are found in the non-canonical books of intertestamental Judaism? a) The Holy Spirit is an occasional title for the Ruach. b) All the Old Testament writings are inspired by the Holy Spirit. c) The Holy Spirit is given to those who live a life of obedience to God’s will. But when a devout man sins, the Spirit leaves him. d) All the great figures of the Old Testament period were inspired by the Holy Spirit, not just the prophets. e) In the age to come, the Messiah will possess the Spirit. f) The Spirit is spoken of in personal terms and as separate from God.
9. What events in the life of Jesus show the important connection between Him and the Holy Spirit? a))His Virginal Conception b)His Baptism. c)His Temptation in the wilderness. d)His mighty works. e) His death. f) His resurrection
10. Did the eternal Son of God really need the anointing of the Spirit to accomplish His earthly work? The Son of God willingly and deliberately chose to limit himself while here on earth. He did not cease to be God, but He elected to live as a man relying on the power of the Spirit to sustain Him and help Him in His work for God. During His earthly life, Jesus’s relation to the Holy Spirit was one of dependence; in order to fulfill His mission, He needed to be anointed by the Spirit.
11. According to John’s Gospel, what three activities of the Holy Spirit relate specifically to Christ? a)He will remind the disciples of everything Jesus said (John 14:26). b) He will testify concerning Jesus (15:26). c) He will glorify Jesus (John 16:13-14).
12. What two figures of speech in the New Testament show the intimate connection between the Holy Spirit and the Church? a)The temple: stressing the relationship between the Church and God. b)The body: stressing the relationship of the Church to fellow believers and unbelievers.
13. In what four ways does the Spirit energize the Church as the body of Christ? a)The Spirit constitutes the Church. b)He adds to the Church. c) He unites the Body. d) He appoints members of the Body for specific functions.
14. What are two acceptable interpretations of the phrase “the fellowship of the Holy Spirit”? a) The partaking of the Holy Spirit by Christians. b) The work of the Spirit that forms Christians into a community or a fellowship.
15. Of what 3 things does the Holy Spirit will convict (convince) the world? a) The Spirit convinces sinful persons of their (sin) spiritual need… of Jesus Christ and of change. b) The Spirit will further convince of righteousness. c) The Spirit will convince of judgment.
16. What 3 ways has the work of the Spirit in regard to salvation been used by New Testament writers? a) Regeneration – “No one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. b) Spiritual resurrection and new creation – The sinner is spiritually dead and needs to be spiritually resurrected or created anew. c) Adoption – We have received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry Abba, Father”.
17. What three extreme views of sanctification must be avoided? Explain each briefly. a) Legalism teaches that a person can be sanctified only by living in complete obedience to the Law. b) Antinomianism teaches that it makes no difference how a believer lives… they may do anything they please. c) Perfectionism (“entire sanctification”) teaches that regenerated persons may have a crisis experience that constitutes them sinlessly perfect.
18. In what three ways is the Holy Spirit related to the glorification of believers? a) The Spirit is the “earnest or down payment” of our spiritual inheritance. The Holy Spirit’s indwelling of Christians is God’s guarantee of the consummation of their redemption (Eph. 1:14). b) The same Spirit that raised the sinner from spiritual death to spiritual life will ultimately raise the mortal and corruptible body of the Christian so that it will be a “spiritual body” (1Cor. 15:44). c) The Christian’s resurrection body will be like that of the Lord’s (1 John 3:2).
20. Define revelation as it applies to Scripture. Revelation is the act by which God makes himself known to people. God granted a “special” revelation. He chose to do this through His Word, the Scriptures.
21. What is the role of the Spirit in revelation? The Holy Spirit is God’s Divine Agent of Inspiration. Inspiration is the Spirit’s influence which enabled writers of the Scriptures to record God’s message in such a way as to insure its infallibility
22. In the matter of inspiration, what is the relationship between the human authors and the Holy Spirit? All Scripture is God-breathed. The Holy Spirit is the agent by whom the Scriptures were given, and people are the instruments who, under guidance of the Spirit, wrote the Scriptures. God chose to transmit His Word by human instruments.
23. Since Jesus promised that the Holy Spirit would teach us all things, does this rule out human teachers of the Word? Explain – Total dependence on the Spirit for an understanding of the Scriptures does not preclude the ministry of God-appointed pastors and teachers. There is a divinely ordained teaching ministry in the Church; pastors and teachers are a gift to the Church (1 Cor. 12:28; Eph. 4:11). They are an additional source of help in coming to a fuller understanding of God’s Word.
24. What 3 sources have challenged the doctrine of Spirit baptism from a hermeneutical standpoint? a) cessationists – argue for the discontinuation of extraordinary gifts after the first century. b) noncessationists (continuationists) – allow for the continuation of extraordinary gifts, but who are not part of the broad movement and who reject the Pentecostal understanding of Spirit baptism. c) some exegetes within the movement who question the hermeneutical validity of the doctrine
25. What does the author mean when he says, “A specific biblical writer must be understood on his own terms”? Different biblical writers may sometimes use similar terminology but with varying meanings.
26. List the terminologies that Luke uses for the experience often called the baptism in the Holy Spirit. a) Baptized in the Holy Spirit. b) Spirit poured out. c) Promise of the Father. d) Promise of the Spirit. e) Gift of the Spirit. f) Gift of God. g) Receiving the Spirit. h) Filled with the Spirit. i) Spirit coming, or falling, upon
27. What do Pentecostals mean when they teach that the outpouring of the Spirit on the Day of Pentecost is paradigmatic, or programmatic, in nature? A paradigm is a pattern; the Pentecost narrative is the pattern to which later outpourings of the Spirit conform.
28. What is the best explanation for the ten-day waiting period between Jesus’ ascension and the outpouring of the Spirit on the Day of Pentecost? The Feast of Pentecost had typological significance that was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost, just as the Feast of Passover was fulfilled in the death of Jesus. Both the death of Jesus and the descent of the Spirit were divinely timed to coincide with the Old Testament feasts that foreshadowed them.
29. What observations concerning Saul’s Damascus road encounter (Acts 9:1-17) show a separation between conversion and Spirit baptism and that one is subsequent to the other? a) Ananias addressed him as “Brother Saul.” b) Ananias did not call on Saul to repent and believe in Jesus, which would symbolize the washing away of his sins. c) The imposition of Ananias’s hands was in order for Saul to be filled with the Spirit, not to be saved. d) The terminology of being filled with the Spirit occurs in the Book of Acts first in 2:4 and prior to that with regard to John the Baptist e) Saul’s Damascus Road experience included Jesus’ appointment of him for his great missionary ministry. f) There was a time span of three days between Saul’s conversion and his being filled with the Spirit. g) An individual, not a group is filled with the Spirit.
30. How is the connection between the Old Testament people prophesying when the Sprit came upon them and what happened in the New Testament when the Spirit came upon God’s people made clear? There were many instances when people prophesied orally at the Spirit’s prompting. Repeatedlly, we find accounts of peop[le prophesying when the Spirit of the Lord came upon them. (Num.11:25-26; 24:2-3; 1Sam. 10:6,10; 19:20-21) This oral inspiration of the Spirit to prophesy is the link that connects Old Testament oracular utterances with Joel’s prediction that one day all of God’s people would prophesy (Joel 2:28-29)
31. What is meant by the expression the “promise of the Father?” “Promise of the Father” can mean either the promise which originates with the Father or the promise given by the Father.
32. What are theophanies and which two are used in conjunction with the Holy Spirit? Theophanies are visible manifestations of God. Wind and Fire are the two used in conjunction with the Holy Spirit.
33. What are the 4 interpretations of John the Baptist’s statement that Jesus would baptize in the Holy Spirit and fire? a) John predicted only a baptism of fire (Holy Spirit), which would be one of judgment. b) John predicted only a baptism for the righteous, which would be “in the Holy Spirit that is fire”. c) There are two baptisms, one in the Spirit for the righteous and one in the fire for the unrighteous. d) There is a twofold aspect to the one baptism: Spirit for the righteous, fire for the unrighteous. It’s a single baptism which, from John’s perspective, would be experienced by all.
34. What is glossolalia? Speaking in Tongues
35. How could Peter say that Joel’s prediction that all God’s people would prophesy was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost, when the disciples did not prophesy but spoke in tongues? . Because both prophecy and speaking in tongues involve the Holy Spirit coming upon a person and prompting the person to speak out. The basic difference being that prophecy is in the common language where as tongues is in a language unknown to the speaker.
36. In what 4 ways is the earthly life of Jesus as a Spirit-anointed Person parallel to the baptism of the disciples? a) Both Jesus and the disciples are praying; b) the Spirit descends after their prayer; c) a physical manifestation of the Spirit takes place; d) the ministries of both begin with a sermon that is thematic of what follows, appeals to prophetic fulfillment, and speaks of rejection of Jesus.
37. List 5 of the seven considerations that will be helpful to a person wishing to be baptized in the Spirit. a) The experience is for all believers. b) Spirit Baptism is a gift. c) The Spirit already indwells. d) Openness and expectancy facilitate reception. e) Prayer and praise lead naturally into the experience. f) The laying on of hands is not necessary. g) God is sovereign
38. Explain why the terminology of ‘being filled with the Spirit’ should not be restricted only to being baptized in the Spirit. After the initial experience of Spirit baptism there may be special fillings of the Holy Spirit after the experience of Spirit baptism, to enable one to cope with a special problem.
39. What is the meaning of the Greek word charismata as it applies to spiritual gifts? In its broad meaning it refers to the whole gift of redemption. In a restricted sense, Spiritual manifestations which highlight the contributions of a beliver to the Christian community. Paul uses the work “to describe the gifts of God that differentiate individuals from one another for the purpose of enhancing their mutual service.”
40. What is the meaning of the Greek word pneumatika as it applies to spiritual gifts? Pneumatika is used for the totality of spiritual gifts.
41. Explain how charismata and pneumatika are used interchangeably in the New Testament? Charismata and Pneumatika are used interchangeably in the New Testament, although the emphasis of each term is different. Charismata emphasizes the grace aspect involved in the bestowment of the gifts. Pneumatika directs attention to the Spirit as the giver of the gifts.
42. Explain the close connection between spiritual gifts and the body of Christ. The gifts are bestowed only within and ultimately for the benefit of the body of Christ.
43. On what basis does the author believe that every Christian possesses at least one gift? The author says that every Christian is in possession of the Holy Spirit, and this is true regardless of any external manifestations.
44. Define the term “cessationism.” Cessationism is the position that the “extraordinary” gifts were temporary, and were withdrawn after the first century.
45. Define the term “continuationism.” Continuationism maintain that God did not withdraw any of the gifts at any time, and that they are just as valid and as needed today as in the first century.
46. Why is it difficult to come up with a rigid classification of spiritual gifts? Scripture indicates that no one list is complete, nor did Paul intend for it to be so. Each catalog of gifts contains gifts not found in any of the others. Scholars agree these lists are samples or exemplary rather than inclusive.
47. Explain the idea that the New Testament emphasizes the function of church leaders, not their position or office. Emphasis upon function rather than office can be inferred from the way Paul seeks to correct errors into which the Corinthians had fallen. He does not tell any officials to take action, but rather addresses the congregation as a whole.
48. How does Paul use the word “apostle?” Paul uses the word apostle in the more restricted sense of Christ’s witnesses who have seen the risen Lord and who have been definitely commissioned by Him.
49. Why is it incorrect to say that prophesying and preaching are interchangeable terms? pgs 210-211 Teaching and preaching are based on an intelligible exposition of the Word, while the gift of prophecy is based on revelation.
50. In what way does the gift of faith differ from the faith that God requires of all believers? Faith as a spiritual gift is not possessed by every Christian. One who has received this gift has a divinely given conviction that God will reveal His power and mercy in a specific case; it is an assurance that draws the supernatural into the natural world. It is wonder-working faith, which manifests itself in deeds rather than in word. It is the type of faith that can move mountains.
51. How do the gifts of a word of wisdom and a word of knowledge differ from each other? The Gifts of Wisdom could be understood as “a wise saying” or speaking wisely.” A Word of Knowledge, in accordance with the Spirit, is used for the edification of others, which constitutes the gift. Another view argues that it indicates a higher knowledge which can be obtained not through teaching and reflection, but only through divine revelation. It is therefore supernatural and revelatory in nature
52. According to 1 Corinthians 14, what are three functions of the gift of tongues? a) The edification of the speaker of tongues himself. b) A sign, not for believers but for unbelievers. c) The value of tongues are extended to the body, the church, when tongues are accompanied by an interpretation.
53. How is the gift of distinguishing of spirits related to the gift of prophecy? Both would apply where there is a need to discern in a given situation whether the influence is the Holy Spirit, a demonic spirit, or the human spirit
54. What restrictions are placed on the audible exercise of tongues in a worship service and why are the restrictions necessary? a) Glossalalia must be given serially, not simultaneously, and there will be a maximum of three in one worship service. b) Someone must interpret the tongues To prevent confusion..
55. What is the best explanation of “Women should remain silent in the churches” (1 Cor. 14:34)? We must understand Paul’s instructions in the general context of his wanting harmony and order in a church service. Since Greek women lived more sheltered lives than the men, it would be natural for them to make inquiries about spiritual matters. But Paul says those questions should be asked at home.
56. In what 3 ways are spiritual fruit and spiritual gifts similar? a) Their source is the Holy Spirit. They do not originate with the believer and are possible only by His enabling. b) The purpose of both is to edify the body of Christ. b) Both works of the Spirit are perfectible – the receiver does not receive them in finished form.
57. In what 3 ways do spiritual fruit and spiritual gifts differ from each other? a) The fruit are the result of the indwelling Spirit; the gifts are the result of the empowering Spirit. Fruit are ethical in nature, gifts are charismatic in nature. b) All Christians are required to demonstrate all the fruit of the Spirit. But God does not require all Christians to have all the gifts. c) Believers are always required to manifest spiritual fruit but their manifestation of spiritual gifts is at the bidding of the Spirit.
19. W. H. Griffith Thomas summarizes the work of the Spirit in the believer by dividing it into what three periods of time? a) In our past or initial experience He becomes the Spirit of sonship (Rom. 8:15) and liberty (2 Cor. 3:17). b) In our present experience He is the spirit of holiness whose presence guarantees spiritual fruit (Gal. 5:22). c) In the future He is the Spirit of heirship as the earnest of our inheritance (Rom. 8:23; Eph. 1:14) and guarantee of our resurrection (Rom. 8:11)
Created by: NICJOLLEY



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