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Chapter 3

Cyclic Movement A regular journey that begins at a homebase in returns to the exact place (a form of movement)
Activity Spaces Places within the rounds of daily activities
Snowbirds Retired people who live in cold states for the summer and spring and move to warm states for the winter and fall
Pastoralism A type of cyclic movement when herders move life stock through the year to continually find freshwater and green pastures
Transhumance A migration pattern in which livestock or lead to highlands during summer months and low lands during winter months to graze
Relocation Diffusion The spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the active people moving in taking the idea or innovation with them
International Migration Immigration across country borders
Emigrants A person who permanently moves out of their home country
Immigrants A person who permanently moves into a new country
Net Migration Difference between the number of immigrants and the number of immigrants in a country
Refugees Migrants who fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in other countries
Reverse Remittances Money that flows from migrants’ home countries to them in their destination country
Guest Workers Migrants who are invited into a country to work temporarily are granted a work visa status and expected to return to their home country after the end of the visa
Island Of Development Cities in developing regions where foreign investment is concentrated into which rural migrants are drawn
International Migration Purposeful movement of people from one country to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay
Diaspora Dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place, either voluntarily or by force
Assimilation What is my Nordie group loses distinct cultural traits such as dress, food, or speech, in adopt the customs of the dominant culture (can happen voluntarily or by force’
Human Trafficking A form of forced migration were people are in voluntarily sold and traded for manual labor or as workers in the sex trade
Gulags Forced labor or prison labor camps (most often associated with authoritarian countries)
Distance Decay Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth
Gravity Model Urban geography model that mathematically predict the degree of interaction and probability of migration between two places
Push Factors Circumstances of migrant considers when deciding to leave their home country
Pull Factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding where to migrate
Intervening Opportunity Presence of an opportunity near migrants current location that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of migrating to a site farther away
Unauthorized or Undocumented Migrants Migrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country they live (crossing a border illegally, or staying after a visa expires)
Coyotes People who smuggle other across the border for a sizable fee
Chain Migration Permanent movement from one place to another that follows kinship links
Repatriation A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or non-governmental organization
Asylum-seekers Migrants who claim the right to protection as a refugee in a country other than their home country
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) People who have been displaced within their home country and do not cross international borders
Bracero Program Laws and agreements passed in the US and Mexico in 1942 to encourage Mexicans to migrate to the United States to work in agriculture
Created by: RomyConn
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