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Chapter 3

TermDefinition
cyclic movement Leaving home for a defined amount of time and returning home
activity spaces Places within the rounds of daily activity.
snowbirds aretired or semiretired people who live in cold states and Canada for most of the year and move to warm states like Florida, California, and Arizona for the winter.
pastoralism when herders move livestock throughout the year to continually find freshwater and green pastures.
transhumance a specialized form of pastoralism practiced in mountain areas when ranchers move livestock vertically to graze on highlands during summer months and lowlands during winter months.
relocation diffusion Migrants take their cultural values and practices with them to their new location, thus making an imprint on the cultural landscape. (ex: little havana)
international migration Purposeful movement of people from one country to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay.
emigrants those who migrate out of a country
immigrants those who migrate into a country
net migration
refugees
remittances
reverse remittances
guest workers
islands of development
internal migration
assimilation
human trafficking
gulags
distance decay
gravity model
push factors
pull factors
intervening opportunity
unauthorized/undocumented migrants
coyotes
chain migration
repatriation
asylum seekers
IDPs
Bracero program
the ratio of people who emigrate to people who immigrate
Migrants fleeing violence and persecution to find safety
Money that migrants send back to families and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many lower income (peripheral) countries.
Money flowing from home countries to migrants in their destination countries.
migrants who were invited into a country to work temporarily, were granted work visa status, and were expected to return to their home country at the end of the visa
cities in developing countries where foreign and domestic investment and job prospects are concentrated
when migrants stay in the same country but move to a different part of the country
When a minority group loses distinct cultural traits, such as dress, food, or speech, and adopts the customs of the dominant culture. Can happen voluntarily or by force
the recruitment of people by force, coercion, deception, or abduction with the aim of controlling and exploiting the person for labor or sexual exploitation.
prison labor camp
the idea that the likelihood of a trait or innovation diffusing decreases the farther away in time or distance it moves from its origin (hearth)
a mathematical prediction of the degree of interaction and probability of migration (and other flows) between two places is based on population size and the distance between them
the conditions and perceptions that help a migrant decide to leave a place
what attracts a migrant to a certain destination, the factors that help the migrant decide where to go
Presence of an opportunity near a migrant’s current location that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of migrating to a site farther away
Unauthorized migrants can be those who enter a country legally, as authorized migrants with a visa, and then stay when the visa expires. They can also enter a country without permission by crossing a border without legal approval.
those who smuggle people across the border for a sizable fee.
migration motivated by family members moving there too
A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or a non governmental organization
people who have left their home country where they are experiencing persecution and human rights violations and are seeking protection in another country, but have not been legally recognized as refugees
internally displaced persons, people who must leave their homes but remain in their own countries.
Laws and agreements passed in the U.S. and Mexico in 1942 to encourage Mexicans to migrate to the United States to work in agriculture.
Created by: SchoolEnjoyer96
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