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Chapter 3

Activity spaces Places within the rounds of daily activity
Assimilation When a minority group loses distinct cultural, such as dress, food, or speech, and adopts the customs of the dominant culture. Can happen voluntarily or by force.
Asylum seekers Migrant who claims the right to protection as a refuge in a country other than their home country
Bracero Program Laws and agreements passed in the U.S. and Mexico to encourage Mexicans to migrate to the United States to work in agriculture
Chain migration Permanent movement from one place to another that follows kinship links. For example, a group of migrants settles in a place and then communicates with family and friends at their former location to encourage migration along the same pathe
Coyotes A nickname given to a person who is hired to assist illegal immigrants into the US often at a cost that does not depend upon success of entry.
Cyclic movement Regular journey that begins at a home base and returns to the exact same place. A form of movement
Diaspora Dispersal of people from their homeland to a new place, either voluntarily, or by force
Distance decay Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth
Emigrants People who permanently move out of their home country
Gravity model Urban geography model that mathematically predicts the degree of interaction and probability of migration between two places
Guest workers Migrants who are invited to a country to work temporarily, are granted work visa status, and are expected to return to their home country at the end of the visa
Gulags Forced labor or prison camps. Most often associated with authoritarian countries
Human trafficking A form of forced migration where people are involuntarily sold and traded for manual labor or as workers in the commercial sex trade
Immigrants People who permanently move into a new country
Internal migration Purposeful movement of people within a country from one location to another with a degree of permanence or intent to say
Internally displaced persons (IDP’s) People who have been displaced within their home country and do not cross international boundaries
International migration Purposeful movement of people from one country to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay
Intervening opportunity Presence of an opportunity near a migrant's current location that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of migrating to a site farther away
Islands of development Cities in developing regions where foreign investment is concentrated and to which rural migrants are drawn
Net migration Difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants
Pastoralism A type of cyclic movement when herders move livestock through the year to continually find fresh water and green pastures
Pull factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding to migrate
Push factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding to leave the home country
Refugees Migrants who flee their country because of a political persecution and seek asylum in another country
Relocation diffusion Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them
Remittances Money that migrants send back to families and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many lower income countries
Repatriation A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country usually with the assistance of government or a non governmental organization
Reverse remittances Money flowing from home countries to migrants in their destination countries
Snowbirds Retired or semiretired people who live in cold states and Canada for most of the year and move to warm states for the winter
Transhumance Migration pattern in which livestock are led to highlands during summer months and lowlands during winter months to graze
Unauthorized or undocumented migrants Migrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country where they live. Unauthorized migrants can be those who enter a country legally, as authorized migrants with a visa, and then stay when the visa expires.
Unauthorized or undocumented migrants (Cont.) They can also enter a country without permission by crossing a border without legal approval
Created by: pl229732
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