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Creative Chapter 7

Medical Terminology

What are the hormones that maintain salt and water balance? mineralocorticoid
What are hormones that influence development and maintenance of male sex characteristics, for example, facial hair, deep voice? androgens
What are hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla that affect the sympathetic nervous system in stress response? catecholamines
What are the hormones that are secreted in response to fear or physical injury? adrenaline, epinephrine
What is the hormone that is secreted in response to hypotension (low blood pressure) and physical stress? norepinephrine
What is located on both sides of the uterus in the female pelvis; secrete estrogen and progesterone? ovaries
What is the hormone that regulates uterine conditions during pregnancy? progesterone
What is a hormone secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans that is responsible for regulating the metabolism of glucose? insulin
What is the hormone that regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism? parathyroid hormone (PTH)
What is located in the center of the brain; secretes melatonin and serotonin? pineal gland
What is the hormone that constricts blood vessels and acts as a neurotransmitter? serotonin
What is the hormone that initiating the growth of ovarian follicle; stimulates the secretions of estrogen in females and the production of sperm in males? follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
What is the hormone that affects skin pigmentation? melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
What is the hormone that stimulates breast development and milk production during pregnancy; also called lactogenic hormone? prolactin (PRL), lactogenic hormone
What is the hormone released by the posterior pituitary that influences the absorption of water by kidney tubules? antidiuretic hormone (ADH), vasopressin
What is the removal of one or both adrenal glands? adrenalectomy
What is the removal of the pituitary gland? hypophysectomy
What is the removal of the pancreas? pancreatectomy
What is the removal of the thymus? thymectomy
What is the removal of the thyroid? throidectomy
What is the use of insulin delivery device that is worn on the body (usually the abdomen) and subcutaneously infuses doses of insulin programmed according to the individual needs of the diabetic patient? continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), insulin pump therapy
What is the use of radioactive iodine to treat disease, such as to eradicate thyroid tumor cells; treatment is administered in a nuclear medicine facility? radioiodine therapy
What are any of several agents used to control blood glucose levels in treatment of diabetes mellitus? antidiabetic drug
What is the treatment with a hormone to correct a hormonal deficiency (e.g., estrogen, testosterone, thyroid)? hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
What is the abbreviation for adrenocorticotropic hormone? ACTH
What is CSII the abbreviation for? continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion
What is the abbreviation for diabetic ketoacidosis? DKA
What is abbreviation for oxytocin? OXT
What is excessive hair growth over the body, unusual places called? hirsutism
What are is the term for all chemical processes in the body that result in growth, generation of energy, elimination of waste, and other body functions? metabolism
Created by: aminaa
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