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Chapter 3 Vocab


Cyclic Movement A regular journey that begins at a base and returns at the exact same base. A form of movement.
Activity Spaces Places within the rounds of daily activity.
Snowbirds Retired or semiretired people who live in cold states and Canada for most of the year and move to warm states for the winter.
Pastoralism A type of cyclic movement where herders move livestock through the year to continually find fresh water and green pastures.
Transhumance Migration pattern in which livestock are led to highlands during summer months and lowlands during winter months to graze.
Relocation Diffusion Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them.
Internal Migration Purposeful movement of people within a country from one location to another with a degree permanece or intent to stay.
Emigrants Those leaving a country.
Immigrants Those coming into a country.
Net Migration The difference between the number of immigrants and emigrants.
Refugees Migrants who flee their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in other countries.
Reverse Remittances Money flowing from home countries to migrants in their destination countries.
Guest Workers Migrants who are invited into a country to work temporarily, are granted work visa status, and are expected to return to their home country at the end of the visa.
Island of Development Cities in developing regions where foreign investment is concentrated and to which rural migrants are drawn.
Internal Migration Purposeful movement of people from one country to another with a degree of permanence to stay.
Diaspora Dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place, either voluntarily or by force.
Assimilation When a minority group loses distinct cultural trait, such as dress, food, or speech, and adopts the customs of the dominant culture. Can happen voluntarily or by force.
Human Trafficking A form of forced migration where people are involuntarily sold and traded for manual labor or as workers in the commercial sex trade.
Gulags Forced labor or prison labor camps. Most often associated with authoritarian countries.
Distance Decay Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth.
Gravity Model Urban geography model that mathematically predicts the degree of interaction and probability of migration between two places.
Push Factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding to leave their home country.
Pull Factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding where to migrate.
Intervening Opportunity Presence of an opportunity near a migrants current location that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of migrating to a site farther away.
Unauthorized or Undocumented Migrants Migrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country that they live in. Can be an authorized migrant, but their visa expires or can come into the country illegally.
Coyotes People who smuggle other migrants across the border more money.
Chain Migration Permanent movement from one place to another that follows bloodline or origin links.
Repatriation A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with assistance from the government.
Asylum Seekers Migrant who claims the right to protection as a refugee in a country other than their home country.
Internally Displaced Persons (IDP's) People who have been displaced within their home country and do not cross international boundaries.
Bracero Program Laws and agreements passed in the US and Mexico to encourage Mexicans to migrate to the US to work in agriculture and farms.
Created by: Pl251951
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