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Medical Terminology

words that define diseases, locations, diagnostic, pathology, direction,movt,etc

TermDefinition
angiolysis angi/o= vessels lysis= breakdown breaking down of vessels
arthroplasty arthr/o= joint plasty= repair/restoration formation of a new joint
bradycardia brady= slow cardia= heart slow heart rate
bronchospasm broncho= bronchi/bronchus spasm of the bronchi
carcinogen carcin= cancer gen= producing substance that causes cancer
cardiology cardi/o= heart logy= study study of the heart
cephalic cephal/o= head pertaining to the head
cerebrospinal
cholecyst chole= bile or gall cyst= bladder or sac gall bladder
colostomy/colonoscopy surgical opening in the colon
intercostal inter= between cost/o= rib between the ribs
cranioplasty
cyanosis
cytoscopy
cyanoderm
hyperemesis
encephalitis
enteritis
erythrocyte
gastrotomy
hyperglycemia
hemolysis
hepatitis
heteromorphous
homeostasis
hysterectomy
laparotomy
lateral
leukocyte
lipocyte
cystolithotomy
lumbar
mastitis
mammoplasty
myelogram
myocardia
nasoseptitis
neonate
nephrostomy
neuritis
normochromic
ocular
opthalmitis
osteoma
tachypnea
pneumonia
hypoxia
angioedema
leukopenia
leukocytosis
thrombocytopenia
anemia
polycythemia poly= numerous cyt= cell emia= blood numerous RBC in the blood
hypoxemia
ataxia degenerative disease of the nervous system
aneurysms weakened and ruptured artery in the brain
hematuria blood in urine
melena blood in stool
hemoptysis coughing up of blood
Dysphagia difficulty with swallowing
halitosis bad breath
stomatitis inflammation of the oral mucosal tissues
alopecia loss of hair
ileostomy surgical opening in the ileum
xerostomia dry mouth
peristalsis muscle contractions in esophagus
dysuria discomfort associated with urination
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
nocturia waking from sleep one or more times to void
colitis inflammation of the colon
hypopnea reduction but not complete cessation of air entry
hypertrophy expansion in cell size
hyperplasia increased cell number
atrophy decrease in tissue size due to decrease in number of individual cells
metaplasia transformation of one differentiated cell type to another differentiated cell type
anaplasia cell differentiation to a more immature or embryonic form
dysplasia abnormal change in size due to abnormal cell differentiation
angiogenesis formation of new blood vessles
apoptosis programmed cell death
pyknosis
karyolysis
necrosis
atherosclerosis gradual thickening of the arterial wall
paresthesia numbness or tingling in the toes or feet
neuropathy damage of one or more nerves that results in paresthesia, muscle weakness, and pain
neoplasm abnormal growth of cells ie tumor. Can be malignant or bengin
melanoma form of aggressive skin cancer
ischemia insufficient flow of O2 blood to tissues causing hypoxemia and subsequent cell injury or death
anoxia total lack of O2 to cells
hypoxemia reduced oxygenation of arterial blood
hypoxia insufficient O2 reaching cells
xerostomia dry mouth
Created by: chiomastudystack
 

 



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